Transient sediment load on blades of Arctic Saccharina latissima can mitigate UV radiation effect on photosynthesis
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We studied the short-term impact of sediment load on the photosynthetic performance of Saccharina latissima sporophytes exposed to ultraviolet radiation (UVR). The algae were collected from different sediment-influenced environments in Svalbard in August 2007. Initial optimum quantum yield (Fv/Fm) of sediment-covered sporophytes was significantly higher compared to sediment-free sporophytes. Experimental sediment coating on blade discs had a photoprotective function by screening out 92% of the weighted UV-B (UVery) treatment. No UVR-induced photoinhibition was observed in sediment-coated blade discs while sediment removal caused a reduction in Fv/Fm not only after 12-h UVR exposure but also after 6-h recovery in low white light compared to the initial value. Thus, sediment coating has a short-term functional significance in mitigating the negative effect of UVR on photosynthesis of an important kelp species and set a baseline for further studies.