Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) in Antarctic fur seals Arctocephalus gazella
- 157 Downloads
Rectal swabs were collected from Antarctic fur seal pups Arctocephalus gazella at Cape Shirreff, South Shetland Islands, and analyzed for the presence of anthropogenic pathogens. Two of the 33 pups tested positive for enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC). These samples are the first records of EPEC in Antarctic wildlife and suggest that more needs to be done to protect the Antarctic fauna from exotic anthropogenic pathogens.
KeywordsAntarctic Peninsula Rectal Swab Fishing Vessel South Shetland Island Cloacal Swab
The Chilean Antarctic Institute (Project INACH 018) and the Swedish Polar Secretariat are greatly acknowledged for their support. The Swedish Research Council FORMAS (2001–1146) financially supported this study. Romeo Vargas collected the samples.
- Isenberg HD (1995) Clinical microbiology procedures handbook. American Society of Microbiology, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
- Nakazato G, Gyles C, Ziebell K, Keller R, Trabulsi LR, Gomes TAT, Irino K, Da Silveira WD, De Castro AFP (2004) Attaching and effacing Escherichia coli from dogs in Brazil: characteristic and serotypic relationship to human enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC). Vet Microbiol 101:269–277PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Torres D, Jorquera D (1992) Analysis of marine debris found at Cape Shirreff, Livingston Island, South Shetlands, Antarctica. CCAMLR, Hobart, Australia, p 12 SC-CAMLR/BG/7Google Scholar
- Torres D, Jorquera D (1994) Marine debris collected at Cape Shirreff, Livingston Island, during the Antarctic season 1993/94. Hobart, Australia, p 10 CCMALR-XIII/BG/17Google Scholar
- Torres D, Jorquera D, Vallejos V, Hucke-Gaete R, Zarate S (1997) Beach debris survey at Cape Shirreff, Livingston Island, during the Antarctic season 1996/97. Ser Científica Inst Antártico Chil 47:137–147Google Scholar