Polar Biology

, Volume 30, Issue 7, pp 939–943 | Cite as

Biodiversity patterns of macro-epifauna on different lamina parts of Laminaria digitata and Saccharina latissima collected during spring and summer 2004 in Kongsfjorden, Svalbard

  • Beth P. Carlsen
  • Geir Johnsen
  • Jørgen Berge
  • Piotr Kuklinski
Short Note

Abstract

The epifauna associated with two of the most common species of kelp in the Arctic, Laminaria digitata (Hudson) Lamouroux, 1813 and Saccharina latissima (Linnaeus) Lane, , Mayes, Druehl and Saunders 2006 [synonym: L. saccharina (Linnaeus) Lamouroux, 1813] were examined in Kongsfjorden, Svalbard. The aim of this study was to test whether species richness of epifauna was influenced by seasonality of recruitment supply (spring and summer) or by age of the substrate (lamina). From 20 algae specimens (ten—L. digitata, ten—S. latissima), a total of 27 epifaunal taxa were identified with bryozoans as the most species-rich group. Total species richness ranged from one to nine species per lamina. No significant difference in species richness was observed between the two kelp species. In both macroalgae, more epifauna taxa were registered on lamina in May (mean 6) than in August (mean 3). This indicates that the time chosen for sampling had a significant impact on the species richness pattern. The number of epifaunal species was significantly negatively correlated with increasing age of the lamina. There are indications that diversity of the epifauna on lamina is influenced to a large extent by substrate (lamina) surface area, environmental stress and the presence of meroplankton in the water column.

Keywords

Laminaria Saccharina Epifauna Biodiversity Svalbard Arctic 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors wish to thank Dr. Suzanne “Williams” for comments leading to an improved manuscript. The study has been completed during stay of PK at NHM in London financed by BRYOARC EU Marie Curie programme.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Beth P. Carlsen
    • 1
  • Geir Johnsen
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jørgen Berge
    • 2
  • Piotr Kuklinski
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of BiologyNorwegian University of Science and TechnologyTrondheimNorway
  2. 2.The University Center on SvalbardLongyearbyenNorway
  3. 3.Institute of OceanologyPolish Academy of SciencesSopotPoland
  4. 4.Natural History MuseumLondonUK

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