Polar Biology

, Volume 29, Issue 2, pp 83–96 | Cite as

Missing link in the Southern Ocean: sampling the marine benthic fauna of remote Bouvet Island

  • Wolf E. Arntz
  • Sven Thatje
  • Katrin Linse
  • Conxita Avila
  • Manuel Ballesteros
  • David K. A. Barnes
  • Thérèse Cope
  • Francisco J. Cristobo
  • Claude de Broyer
  • Julian Gutt
  • Enrique Isla
  • Pablo López-González
  • Américo Montiel
  • Tomás Munilla
  • Alfonso A. Ramos Esplá
  • Michael Raupach
  • Martin Rauschert
  • Estefanía Rodríguez
  • Núria Teixidó
Original Paper

Abstract

Bouvet (Bouvetøya) is a geologically young and very remote island just south of the Polar Front. Here we report samples taken during the RV “Polarstern" cruise ANTXXI/2 on 3 days in November 2003 and January 2004. This work was part of SCAR’s EASIZ programme and intended, by providing data on the marine fauna of this “white gap" in the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean, to contribute to identifying the role of Bouvet in the faunal exchange between the Sub- and high Antarctic. While this goal demands extensive molecular analysis of the material sampled (future work), a checklist of the samples and data at hand widens the faunal and environmental inventory substantially. We suggest some preliminary conclusions on the relationship of Bouvet Island’s fauna with that of other regions, such as Magellanic South America, the Antarctic Peninsula, and the high Antarctic Weddell Sea, which have been sampled previously. There seem to be different connections for individual higher taxa rather than a generally valid consistent picture.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wolf E. Arntz
    • 1
  • Sven Thatje
    • 2
  • Katrin Linse
    • 3
  • Conxita Avila
    • 4
  • Manuel Ballesteros
    • 5
  • David K. A. Barnes
    • 3
  • Thérèse Cope
    • 3
  • Francisco J. Cristobo
    • 6
  • Claude de Broyer
    • 7
  • Julian Gutt
    • 1
  • Enrique Isla
    • 8
  • Pablo López-González
    • 9
  • Américo Montiel
    • 1
  • Tomás Munilla
    • 10
  • Alfonso A. Ramos Esplá
    • 11
  • Michael Raupach
    • 12
  • Martin Rauschert
    • 13
  • Estefanía Rodríguez
    • 8
    • 9
  • Núria Teixidó
    • 8
  1. 1.Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine ResearchBremerhavenGermany
  2. 2.National Oceanography Centre, School of Ocean and Earth ScienceUniversity of SouthamptonSouthamptonUK
  3. 3.British Antarctic SurveyNatural Environmental Research CouncilCambridgeUK
  4. 4.Centre d’Estudis Avançats de Blanes CEAB-CSICGironaSpain
  5. 5.Dept. Biología Animal, Facultad de BiologíaUniversidad de BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain
  6. 6.Estación de Bioloxía Mariña da GrañaUniversidade de Santiago de CompostelaFerrolSpain
  7. 7.Dept. des Invertébrés (Carcinologie)Institut royal des Sciences Naturelles de BelgiqueBrusselsBelgium
  8. 8.Institut de Ciències del MarBarcelonaSpain
  9. 9.Dpto. Fisiología y Zoología, Facultad de BiologíaUniversidad de SevillaSevillaSpain
  10. 10.Departamento de Biología AnimalUniversidat Autónoma de BarcelonaBellaterra, BarcelonaSpain
  11. 11.Dpto. Ciencias del Mar y Biología AplicadaUniversidad de AlicanteAlicanteSpain
  12. 12.Lehrstuhl für Spezielle Zoologie, ND 05/577Ruhr-Universität BochumBochumGermany
  13. 13.EichwaldeGermany

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