Polar Biology

, Volume 28, Issue 11, pp 828–832

Nesting behavior of the icefish Chaenocephalus aceratus at Bouvetøya Island, Southern Ocean

  • H. William. DetrichIII
  • Christopher D. Jones
  • Stacy Kim
  • Anthony W. North
  • Andrew Thurber
  • Marino Vacchi
Original Paper
  • 167 Downloads

Abstract

We describe in situ observations on nesting by the Scotia Sea (or blackfin) icefish Chaenocephalus aceratus (Lönnberg) that constitute the first substantive evidence of egg brooding and parental care by species of the family Channichthyidae. At Boutetoya Island six fish, all apparently male, were observed guarding egg nests at depths of 141–148 m during an ROV deployment. Eggs were laid as aggregated, round masses (~20–25 cm diameter) in shallow, circular depressions (~1-m diameter, ~20-cm depth) that were probably excavated by the parent(s) to protect the nests. The fish guardians remained tenaciously in contact with the eggs despite disturbances caused by the ROV, reacting to this threat with stress and defense behaviors. Because brooding fishes are more susceptible to the population impacts from trawl fisheries, we argue that this life history should be kept in mind in designing management schemes.

References

  1. Blumer LS (1979) Male parental care in the bony fishes. Q Rev Biol 54:149–161CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Blumer LS (1982) A bibliography and categorization of bony fishes exhibiting parental care. Zool J Linnean Soc London 75:1–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. CCAMLR (2002) Statistical Bulletin Volume 14 (2000–2001). CCAMLR-SB/02/14. Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources, Hobart, p 155Google Scholar
  4. Daniels RA (1978) Nesting behaviour of Harpagifer bispinis in Arthur Harbour, Antarctic Peninsula. J Fish Biol 12:465–474CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Daniels RA (1979) Nest guard replacement in the Antarctic fish Harpagifer bispinis: possible altruistic behaviour. Science 205:831–833PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Drazen JC, Goffredi SK, Schlining B, Stakes DS (2003) Aggregations of egg-brooding deep-sea fish and cephalopods on the Gorda Escarpment: a reproductive hot spot. Biol Bull 205:1–7PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Ekau W (1989) Egg development of Trematomus eulepidotus Regan 1914 (Nototheniidae, Pisces) from the Weddell Sea, Antarctica. Cybium 13:213–219Google Scholar
  8. Ekau W, Gutt J (1991) Notothenioid fishes from the Weddell Sea and their habitat, observed by underwater photography and television. Proc NIPR Symp Polar Biol 4:36–49Google Scholar
  9. Everson I (1977) The Living resources of the Southern Ocean. GLO/SO/77/1 Rome:FAOGoogle Scholar
  10. Everson I, Kock K-H, Parkes G (1996) Ovarian development associated with first maturity in three Antarctic channichthyid species. J Fish Biol 49:1019–1026CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Helfman GS, Collette BB, Facey DE (1997) The diversity of fishes. Blackwell, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  12. Hourigan TF, Radtke RL (1989) Reproduction of the Antarctic fish Nothotheniops nudifrons. Mar Biol 100:277–283CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Iwami T, Kock K-H (1990) Channichthyidae. In: Gon O, Heemstra PC (eds) Fishes of the Southern Ocean. JLB Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, pp 381–399Google Scholar
  14. Kock K-H (1992) Antarctic fish and fisheries. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  15. Kock K-H, Kellermann A (1991) Reproduction in Antarctic notothenioid fish. Antarct Sci 3:125–150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kondo Y, Sakakibara S, Tobayama T, Hoshiai T (1990)Eggs released by the nototheniid fish Trematomus bernacchii Boulenger in captivity. Proc NIPR Symp Polar Biol 3:76–79Google Scholar
  17. Konecki JT, Targett TE (1989) Eggs and larvae of Nototheniops larseni from the spongocoel of a hexactinellid sponge near Hugo Island, Antarctic Peninsula. Polar Biol 10:197–198CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Moreno CA (1980) Observations on food and reproduction in Trematomus bernacchii (Pisces: Nototheniidae) from the Palmer Archipelago, Antarctica. Copeia 1980:171–173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. North AW (1991) Review of the early life history of Antarctic notothenioid fish. In: di Prisco G, Maresca B, Tota B (eds) Biology of Antarctic fish. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 70–86Google Scholar
  20. North AW, White MG (1987) Reproductive strategies of Antarctic fish. In: Kullander SO, Fernholm B (eds) Vth Congress of European Ichthyologists, Stockholm. Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, pp 381–390Google Scholar
  21. Olsen S (1955) A contribution to the systematics and biology of chaenichthyid fishes from South Georgia. Nytt Mag Zool 3:79–93Google Scholar
  22. Rae GA, Calvo J (1995) Fecundity and reproductive habits in Patagonotothen tessellata (Richardson, 1845) from the Beagle Channel, Argentina. Antarct Sci 7:235–240CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Roberts CM, Andelman S, Branch G, Bustamante RH, Castilla JC, Dugan J, Halpern BS, Lafferty KD, Leslie H, Lunchenco j, McArdle D, Possingham HP, Ruckelshaus M, Warner RR (2003) Ecological criteria for evaluating candidate sites for marine reserves. Ecol Appl 13:S199–S214CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Robilliard GA, Dayton PK (1969) Notes on the biology of the chaenichthyid Pagetopsis macropterus from McMurdo Sound, Antarctica. Antarct JUS 4:304–306Google Scholar
  25. White MG, Burren PJ (1992) Reproduction and larval growth of Harpagifer antarcticus Nybelin (Pisces, Notothenioidei). Antarct Sci 4:421–430Google Scholar
  26. White MG, North AW, Twelves EL, Jones SJ (1982) Early development of Notothenia neglecta from the Scotia Sea, Antarctica. Cybium 6:43–51Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. William. DetrichIII
    • 1
  • Christopher D. Jones
    • 2
  • Stacy Kim
    • 3
  • Anthony W. North
    • 4
  • Andrew Thurber
    • 3
  • Marino Vacchi
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of BiologyNortheastern UniversityBostonUSA
  2. 2.United States Antarctic Marine Living Resources ProgramSouthwest Fisheries Science CenterLa JollaUSA
  3. 3.Moss Landing Marine LaboratoriesMoss LandingUSA
  4. 4.British Antarctic SurveyCambridgeUK
  5. 5.Università degli Studi di GenovaGenovaItaly

Personalised recommendations