Polar Biology

, Volume 27, Issue 7, pp 418–422 | Cite as

A new species and new records of lithodid crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda: Lithodidae) from the Crozet and Kerguelen Islands area (Subantarctica)

Original Paper

Abstract

Four species of lithodid crabs from waters (240–2,005 m) in the Crozet and Kerguelen Islands area were studied. One new species, Neolithodes duhameli, is described. Three other species, N. capensis Stebbing, Paralomis anamerae Macpherson and P. birsteini Macpherson are reported for the first time from these localities. The new species, N. duhameli (620–1,500 m), is the fourth representative of the genus in Subantarctic waters and belongs to the group of species possessing a carapace, chelipeds and walking legs covered with numerous spinules or spiniform granules in addition to spines. However, the new species is distinguishable from others in the genus by the long, strong spines on the carapace and pereiopods. The finding of two species of Paralomis clearly extends their geographic ranges in the Southern Ocean: P. anamerae was previously known only in waters of the Falkland Islands and the circumpolar distribution of P. birsteini is supported. The observation of N. capensis also extends its previously described range from South Africa, in the Cape region, to Subantarctic waters. As a result of this study, 14 species of the family Lithodidae are now known from Antarctic and Subantarctic waters; and most can be considered endemic to these waters.

References

  1. Anger K (2001) The biology of decapod crustacean larvae. (Crustacean issues, vol 14) Balkema, LisseGoogle Scholar
  2. Arana PM, Retamal MA (1999) Nueva distribución de Paralomis birsteini Macpherson, 1988 en aguas antárcticas (Anomura, Lithodidae, Lithodinae). Invest Mar 27:101–110Google Scholar
  3. Arnaud PM, Do-Chi T (1977) Donnés biologiques et biometriques sur les lithodes Lithodes murrayi Henderson, 1888 (Crustacea, Anomura) aux îles Crozet (S.W. Ocean Indien). Mar Biol 39:147–159Google Scholar
  4. Arntz WE, Gili JM (2001) A case of tolerance in marine ecology: let us not put out the baby with the bathwater. Sci Mar 65 [Suppl 2]:283–299Google Scholar
  5. Baez PN, Bahamonde N, Sanhueza A (1986) Neolithodes diomedeae (Benedict 1895) (Crustacea, Decapoda, Lithodidae). Invest Pesqu 33:105–110Google Scholar
  6. Benedict JE (1895) Scientific results of the explorations by the U.S. Fish Commission steamer “Albatross”. No. XXXI. Descriptions of new genera and species of crabs of the family Lithodidae, with notes on the young of Lithodes camtschaticus and Lithodes brevipes. Proc US Natl Mus 17:479–488Google Scholar
  7. Birstein JA, Vinogradov LG (1972) Craboids (Decapoda, Anomura, Lithodidae) of the Atlantic sector of the Antarctic, South America and South Africa (in Russian). Zool Zh 51:351–363Google Scholar
  8. Branch ML, Griffiths CL, Kensley B, Sieg J (1991) The benthic Crustacea of Subantarctic Marion and Prince Edward Islands. Illustrated keys to the species and results of the 1982–1989 University of Cape Town surveys. S Afr J Antarct Res 21:4–44Google Scholar
  9. Clarke A, Johnston NM (2003) Antarctic marine benthic diversity. Ocean Mar Biol Annu Rev 41:47–114Google Scholar
  10. Crame JA (1989) Origins and evolution of the Antarctic Biota. (Geological Society Special Publication 47) The Geological Society of London, LondonGoogle Scholar
  11. Cunningham CW, Blackstone NW, Buss LW (1992) Evolution of king crabs from hermit crab ancestors. Nature 355:539–542PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Dawson EW (1989) King crabs of the world (Crustacea: Lithodidae) and their fisheries: a comprehensive bibliography. NZ Ocean Inst Misc Publ 101Google Scholar
  13. Dawson EW, Yaldwyn JC (1970) Diagnosis of a new species of Neolithodes (Crustacea: Anomura: Lithodidae) from New Zealand. NZ J Mar Fresh Res 4:227–228Google Scholar
  14. Feldman RM, Tshudy DM (1989) Evolutionary pattern in macrura decapod crustaceans from Cretaceous to Early Cenozoic rocks of the James Ross Island region, Antarctica. In: Crame JA (ed) Origins and evolution of the Antarctic biota, vol 47. Geological Society, London, pp 83–195Google Scholar
  15. Gorny M (1999) On the biogeography and ecology of the Southern Ocean decapod fauna. Sci Mar [Suppl 1]:367–382Google Scholar
  16. Henderson JR (1888) Report on the Anomura collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–76. Rep Sci Res Voy HMS Challenger 1873–76 Zool 27Google Scholar
  17. Hernandez MB, Diaz P (1986) Pesquería de la centolla en la región de Magallanes. In: Arana P (ed) La pesca en Chile. Escuela Ciencias del Mar, Valparaiso, pp 69–88Google Scholar
  18. Hoggarth DD (1993) The life history of the lithodid crab, Paralomis granulosa, in the Falkland Islands. J Mar Sci 50:405–424CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Ikeda H (1998) The deep-sea crabs of Sagami Bay (in Japanese). Hayama Shiosai Museum, HayaGoogle Scholar
  20. Jacquinot H (1852) Crustacea. Zoologie III. In: Jacquinot H, Lucas H (1844–1853) Voyage au Pôle Sud et dans l’Océanie sur les corvettes “l’Astrolabe” et “la Zélee”, exécuté pendant les années 1837–1840 sous le commandement de MJ Dumont d’Urville, Capitaine de vaisseau, publié par ordre du Gouvernement et sous la direction supérieure de M Jacquinot &c. Gide et Baudry, ParisGoogle Scholar
  21. Kensley B (1968) Deep-sea decapod Crustacea from West of Cape Point, South Africa. Ann S Afr Mus 50:283–323Google Scholar
  22. Klages M, Gutt J, Starmans A, Bruns T (1995) Stone crabs close to the Antarctic continent: Lithodes murrayi Henderson, 1888 (Crustacea; Decapoda; Anomura) off Peter I Island (68°51′S, 90°51′W). Polar Biol 15:73–75Google Scholar
  23. Lopez-Abellan LJ, Belguerias E (1994) On the presence of Paralomis spinosissima and Paralomis formosa in catches taken during the Spanish survey Antartida 8611. CCAMLR Sci 1:165–173Google Scholar
  24. Lopez-Gonzalez PJ, Williams GC (2002) A new genus and species of sea pen (Octocorallia: Pennatulacea: Stachyptilidae) from the Antarctic Peninsula. Invert Syst 16:919–929CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Lovrich G (1997) La pesquería mixta de las centollas Lithodes santolla y Paralomis granulosa (Anomura: Lithodidae). (In: Wehrtmann IS, Arana P (eds) Biología y pesquería de crustáceos decápodos en aguas templadas de Sudamérica) Inv Mar 25:41–57Google Scholar
  26. Lovrich GA, Perroni M, Vinuesa JH, Tapella F, Chizzini A, Romero MC (2002) Occurrence of Lithodes confundens (Decapoda: Anomura) in the intertidal of the southwestern Atlantic. J Crust Biol 22:894–902Google Scholar
  27. Macpherson E (1988a) Revision of the family Lithodidae Samouelle, 1819 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Anomura) in the Atlantic Ocean. Monogr Zool Mar 2:9–153Google Scholar
  28. Macpherson E (1988b) Three new species of Paralomis from the Pacific and Antarctic Oceans. Zool Scr 17:69–75Google Scholar
  29. Macpherson E (2001) New species and new records of Lithodid crabs (Crustacea, Decapoda, Lithodidae) from the Southwestern and Central Pacific Ocean. Zoosystema 23:797–805Google Scholar
  30. Macpherson E (2003) Some lithodid crabs (Crustacea, Decapoda, Lithodidae) from the Salomon Islands (SW Pacific Ocean) with the description of a new species. Sci Mar 67:413–418Google Scholar
  31. McLaughlin PA, Lemaitre R (2000) Aspects of evolution in the anomuran superfamily Paguridea: one larval perspective. Invert Reprod Dev 38:159–169Google Scholar
  32. McLay CL (1988) Brachyura and crab-like Anomura of New Zealand. Leigh Lab Bull 22Google Scholar
  33. Miquel JC, Arnaud PM, Do-Chi T (1985) Population structure and migration of the stone crab Lithodes murrayi in the Crozet Islands, Subantarctic Indian Ocean. Mar Biol 89:263–269Google Scholar
  34. Molina GI (1782) Saggio sulla storia naturale del Chili del Signor Abate Giovanni Ignazio Molina. Stamperia S. Tommaso d’Aquino, BolognaGoogle Scholar
  35. Otto RS, MacIntosh RA (1996) Observations on the biology of the lithodid crab Paralomis spinosissima from the Southern Ocean near South Georgia. In: Otto RS, MacIntosh RA (eds) High latitude crabs: biology, management and economics. (Alaska Sea Grant College Program Report 92-02) Anchorage College, Anchorage, pp 627–647Google Scholar
  36. Sakai T (1971) Illustrations of 15 species of crabs of the family Lithodidae, two of which are new to science. Res Crust 4–5:1–49Google Scholar
  37. Samouelle G (1819) The entomologist’s useful compendium, or an introduction to the knowledge of British insects. Boys, LondonGoogle Scholar
  38. Stebbing TRR (1905) Marine investigations in South Africa, South African Crustacea. Cape Times Ltd, Cape TownGoogle Scholar
  39. Takeda M, Hatanaka H (1984) Records of decapod crustaceans from the Southwestern Atlantic collected by the Japanese Fisheries Research trawlers. Bull Nat Sci Mus A Zool 10:7–24Google Scholar
  40. Thatje S, Schnack-Schiel S, Arntz WE (2003) Development trade-offs in subantarctic meroplankton communities and the enigma of low decapod diversity in high southern latitudes. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 260:195–207Google Scholar
  41. Vinuesa JH, Lovrich GA, Tapella F (1999) New localities for Crustacea Decapoda in the Magellan region, southern South America. Sci Mar 63 [Suppl 1]:321–323Google Scholar
  42. Zaklan SD (2002) Review of the family Lithodidae (Crustacea: Anomura: Paguroidea): distribution, biology, and fisheries. In: MacIntosh RA (ed) Crabs in cold water regions: biology, management, and economics. (Alaska Sea Grant College Program) Anchorage College, Anchorage, pp 751–845Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centro de Estudios Avanzados de Blanes (CSIC)Blanes Spain

Personalised recommendations