Polar Biology

, Volume 27, Issue 7, pp 418–422 | Cite as

A new species and new records of lithodid crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda: Lithodidae) from the Crozet and Kerguelen Islands area (Subantarctica)

  • E. MacphersonEmail author
Original Paper


Four species of lithodid crabs from waters (240–2,005 m) in the Crozet and Kerguelen Islands area were studied. One new species, Neolithodes duhameli, is described. Three other species, N. capensis Stebbing, Paralomis anamerae Macpherson and P. birsteini Macpherson are reported for the first time from these localities. The new species, N. duhameli (620–1,500 m), is the fourth representative of the genus in Subantarctic waters and belongs to the group of species possessing a carapace, chelipeds and walking legs covered with numerous spinules or spiniform granules in addition to spines. However, the new species is distinguishable from others in the genus by the long, strong spines on the carapace and pereiopods. The finding of two species of Paralomis clearly extends their geographic ranges in the Southern Ocean: P. anamerae was previously known only in waters of the Falkland Islands and the circumpolar distribution of P. birsteini is supported. The observation of N. capensis also extends its previously described range from South Africa, in the Cape region, to Subantarctic waters. As a result of this study, 14 species of the family Lithodidae are now known from Antarctic and Subantarctic waters; and most can be considered endemic to these waters.


Ovigerous Female Short Spine Kerguelen Island Subantarctic Water South African Water 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



I am grateful to Guy Duhamel (MNHN) for offering me the opportunity and facilities to study these interesting specimens. Thanks are also extended to Alain Crosnier for his continuous support and P. Abello for revision of the manuscript. The photographs were taken by Jean Francois Dejouannet.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centro de Estudios Avanzados de Blanes (CSIC)Blanes Spain

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