Micropropagation from inflorescence stems of the Spanish endemic plant Centaurea paui Loscos ex Willk. (Compositae)
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Tissue culture techniques have been established as a useful approach for ex situ conservation of rare, endemic or threatened plant species. This report describes the micropropagation of Centaurea paui Loscos ex Willk (Compositae), an extremely endangered plant species endemic to the Valencia Community (eastern Spain), as a conservation measure which does not cause damage to the wild plants used as explant source. Inflorescence nodal segments of C. paui were selected as explants for in vitro establishment. The best rate of shoot proliferation was obtained on Murashige and Skoog (MS) mineral medium supplemented with 0.5 mg/l 6-benzyladenine or with 2 mg/l kinetin. Maximum shoot elongation was achieved without growth regulators, and the addition of cytokinins significantly decreased their size. In vitro rooting of shoots was difficult after 6 weeks on rooting media. The combination of 2 mg/l indole-3-acetic acid plus 2 mg/l indole-3-butyric acid on MS medium yielded the best results. In this medium, 40% of shoots rooted before 30 days of culture. About 70% of the rooted plants were successfully transferred to pots and acclimatized to ex vitro conditions.
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