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Plant Cell Reports

, Volume 38, Issue 3, pp 255–277 | Cite as

Salinity stress response and ‘omics’ approaches for improving salinity stress tolerance in major grain legumes

  • Uday Chand JhaEmail author
  • Abhishek BohraEmail author
  • Rintu Jha
  • Swarup Kumar Parida
Review Article

Abstract

Key message

Sustaining yield gains of grain legume crops under growing salt-stressed conditions demands a thorough understanding of plant salinity response and more efficient breeding techniques that effectively integrate modern omics knowledge.

Abstract

Grain legume crops are important to global food security being an affordable source of dietary protein and essential mineral nutrients to human population, especially in the developing countries. The global productivity of grain legume crops is severely challenged by the salinity stress particularly in the face of changing climates coupled with injudicious use of irrigation water and improper agricultural land management. Plants adapt to sustain under salinity-challenged conditions through evoking complex molecular mechanisms. Elucidating the underlying complex mechanisms remains pivotal to our knowledge about plant salinity response. Improving salinity tolerance of plants demand enriching cultivated gene pool of grain legume crops through capitalizing on ‘adaptive traits’ that contribute to salinity stress tolerance. Here, we review the current progress in understanding the genetic makeup of salinity tolerance and highlight the role of germplasm resources and omics advances in improving salt tolerance of grain legumes. In parallel, scope of next generation phenotyping platforms that efficiently bridge the phenotyping–genotyping gap and latest research advances including epigenetics is also discussed in context to salt stress tolerance. Breeding salt-tolerant cultivars of grain legumes will require an integrated “omics-assisted” approach enabling accelerated improvement of salt-tolerance traits in crop breeding programs.

Keywords

Gene Genomics Genetic variation QTL Salinity Stress Tolerance 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors acknowledge support from Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), India.

Funding

The authors have not received any funding for writing this MS.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interests.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ICAR-Indian Institute of Pulses Research (IIPR)KanpurIndia
  2. 2.National Institute of Plant Genome Research (NIPGR)New DelhiIndia

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