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Plant Cell Reports

, Volume 37, Issue 10, pp 1383–1399 | Cite as

Advanced genetic tools enable synthetic biology in the oleaginous microalgae Nannochloropsis sp.

  • Eric Poliner
  • Eva M. Farré
  • Christoph Benning
Review

Abstract

Nannochloropsis is a genus of fast-growing microalgae that are regularly used for biotechnology applications. Nannochloropsis species have a high triacylglycerol content and their polar lipids are rich in the omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid, eicosapentaenoic acid. Placed in the heterokont lineage, the Nannochloropsis genus has a complex evolutionary history. Genome sequences are available for several species, and a number of transcriptomic datasets have been produced, making this genus a facile model for comparative genomics. There is a growing interest in Nannochloropsis species as models for the study of microalga lipid metabolism and as a chassis for synthetic biology. Recently, techniques for gene stacking, and targeted gene disruption and repression in the Nannochloropsis genus have been developed. These tools enable gene-specific, mechanistic studies and have already allowed the engineering of improved Nannochloropsis strains with superior growth, or greater bioproduction.

Keywords

Nannochloropsis Algal biotechnology Marker-free engineering Gene stacking Synthetic biology Episomes 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by a National Science Foundation grant (IOS-1354721) to EF. In addition, parts of this work were supported by the Division of Chemical Sciences, Geosciences and Biosciences, Office of Basic Energy Sciences of the United States Department of Energy (DE-FG02-91ER20021) and MSU-AgBioResearch to CB.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cell and Molecular Biology ProgramMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA
  2. 2.MSU-DOE Plant Research LaboratoryMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA
  3. 3.Department of Plant BiologyMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA
  4. 4.Department of Biochemistry and Molecular BiologyMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA

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