Wax Crystal-Sparse Leaf 4, encoding a β-ketoacyl-coenzyme A synthase 6, is involved in rice cuticular wax accumulation
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WSL4 encodes a KCS6 protein which is required for cuticular wax accumulation in rice.
Very long chain fatty acids (VLCFAs) are essential precursors for cuticular wax biosynthesis. VLCFA biosynthesis occurs in the endoplasmic reticulum and requires the fatty acid elongase (FAE) complex. The β-ketoacyl-coenzyme A synthase (KCS) catalyzes the first step of FAE-mediated VLCFA elongation. Here we characterized the Wax Crystal-Sparse Leaf 4 (WSL4) gene involved in leaf cuticular wax accumulation in rice. The wsl4 mutant displayed a pleiotropic phenotype including dwarfism, less tiller numbers and reduced surface wax load. Map-based cloning and nucleotide sequencing results revealed that wsl4 carried a single nucleotide substitution in the second exon of a putative KCS6 gene, encoding one subunit of the FAE complex for VLCFAs. Genetic complementation confirmed that the mutation in WSL4 was responsible for the phenotype of wsl4. WSL4 was constitutively expressed in various rice tissues and localized in the endoplasmic reticulum. Both WSL4-RNAi transgenic lines and WSL4 knocked-out mutants exhibited wax-deficient phenotypes similar to the wsl4 mutant. These data indicate that WSL4 is required for cuticular wax accumulation in rice.
KeywordsRice (Oryza sativa) Cuticular wax Wax Crystal-Sparse Leaf 4 β-Ketoacyl-coenzyme A synthase 6 Fatty acid elongase
Fatty acid elongation
Gas chromatography–mass spectrometry
Green fluorescent protein
Scanning electron microscope
Transmission electron microscopy
Open reading frame
Very long chain fatty acids
Wax Crystal-Sparse Leaf
This work was supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (2016YFD0100600, 2016YFD0200700), and the National Special Project of China (2014ZX08001-006).
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interests.
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