Plant Cell Reports

, Volume 36, Issue 6, pp 1005–1008 | Cite as

Generation of stable nulliplex autopolyploid lines of Arabidopsis thaliana using CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing

  • Peter Ryder
  • Marcus McHale
  • Antoine Fort
  • Charles Spillane
Focus Article


RNA-guided endonuclease-mediated targeted mutagenesis using the clustered regularly interspersed short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/Cas9 system has been successful at targeting specific loci for modification in plants. While polyploidy is an evolutionary mechanism enabling plant adaptation, the analysis of gene function in polyploid plants has been limited due to challenges associated with generating polyploid knockout mutants for all gene copies in polyploid plant lines. This study investigated whether CRISPR/Cas9 mediated targeted mutagenesis can generate nulliplex tetraploid mutant lines in Arabidopsis thaliana, while also comparing the relative efficiency of targeted mutagenesis in tetraploid (4x) versus diploid (2x) backgrounds. Using CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing to generate knockout alleles of the TTG1 gene, we demonstrate that homozygous nulliplex mutants can be directly generated in tetraploid Arabidopsis thaliana plants. CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing now provides a route to more efficient generation of polyploid mutants for improving understanding of genome dosage effects in plants.


Genome editing CRISPR/Cas9 Arabidopsis thaliana Polyploidy Genome dosage 



We are grateful to Prof. Chen, Qi-Jun for kindly providing the vector pHEE401 for subsequent vector construction in this study. This work was supported by grant funding from Science Foundation Ireland (SFI) to CS (Principal Investigator Grant 13/IA/1820), and a postdoctoral fellowship from the Irish Research Council (IRC) to MMH.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

299_2017_2125_MOESM1_ESM.docx (29 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 28 KB)
299_2017_2125_MOESM2_ESM.pdf (2.1 mb)
Supplementary Figure S1: Seed morphology of T2 2x and 4x pHEETTG1 lines. A. Col-0 2x; B. pHEETTG1_2x_#1; C. pHEETTG1_2x_#2; D. pHEETTG1_2x_#3; E Col-0 4x; F. pHEETTG1_4x_#1; G. pHEETTG1_4x_#2; White bar = 1 mm. (PDF 2197 KB)
299_2017_2125_MOESM3_ESM.pdf (443 kb)
Supplementary Figure S2: DNA sequencing and multiple sequence alignment for T2 pHEETTG1 2x and 4x lines. DNA extracted and amplified from progeny of selfed T1 pHEETTG1_2x_#1 and pHEETTG1_4x_#1 plants was used for T2 sequencing A. WT TTG1 sequence; B. T2_pHEETTG1_2x_#1_1; C. T2_pHEETTG1_2x_#1_2; D. T2_pHEETTG1_2x_#1_3; E. T2_pHEETTG1_4x_#1_1; F. T2_pHEETTG1_4x_#1_2; G. Multiple alignment of T2 pHEETTG1_2x_#1 and pHEETTG1_4x_#1 lines. Red line signifies the TTG1 sgRNA sequence , while the green line signifies the PAM site. (PDF 443 KB)
299_2017_2125_MOESM4_ESM.docx (48 kb)
Supplementary material 4 (DOCX 48 KB)
299_2017_2125_MOESM5_ESM.docx (788 kb)
Supplementary material 5 (DOCX 788 KB)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Genetics and Biotechnology Laboratory, School of Natural Sciences, Plant and AgriBiosciences Research Centre (PABC)National University of Ireland GalwayGalwayIreland

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