Plant Cell Reports

, Volume 35, Issue 4, pp 867–881 | Cite as

Functional divergence of GhCFE5 homoeologs revealed in cotton fiber and Arabidopsis root cell development

  • Fenni Lv
  • Peng Li
  • Rui Zhang
  • Nina Li
  • Wangzhen GuoEmail author
Original Article


Key message

In GhCFE5 homoeologs, GhCFE5D interacted with more actin homologs and stronger interaction activity than GhCFE5A. GhCFE5D - but not GhCFE5A -overexpression severely disrupted actin cytoskeleton organization and significantly suppressed cell elongation.


Homoeologous genes are common in polyploid plants; however, their functional divergence is poorly elucidated. Allotetraploid Upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum, AADD) is the most widely cultivated cotton; accounting for more than 90 % of the world’s cotton production. Here, we characterized GhCFE5A and GhCFE5D homoeologs from G. hirsutum acc TM-1. GhCFE5 homoeologs are expressed preferentially in fiber cells; and a significantly greater accumulation of GhCFE5A mRNA than GhCFE5D mRNA was found in all tested tissues. Overexpression of GhCFE5D but not GhCFE5A seriously inhibits the Arabidopsis hypocotyl and root cell elongation. Yeast two-hybrid assay and bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC) analysis showed that compared with GhCFE5A, GhCFE5D interacts with more actin homologs and has a stronger interaction activity both from Arabidopsis and Upland cotton. Interestingly, subcellular localization showed that GhCFE5 resides on the cortical endoplasmic reticulum (ER) network and is colocalized with actin cables. The interaction activities between GhCFE5 homoeologs and actin differ in their effects on F-actin structure in transgenic Arabidopsis root cells. The F-actin changed direction from vertical to lateral, and the actin cytoskeleton organization was severely disrupted in GhCFE5D-overexpressing root cells. These data support the functional divergence of GhCFE5 homoeologs in the actin cytoskeleton structure and cell elongation, implying an important role for GhCFE5 in the evolution and selection of cotton fiber.


GhCFE5 Homoeologs Functional divergence Cell elongation Actin cytoskeleton Gossypium hirsutum 



Caulifower mosaic virus


Day after germination


Day post anthesis


Domain of unknown function


Single-nucleotide polymorphisms


Neomycin phosphotransferase II


Endoplasmic reticulum


Green fluorescent protein


Red fluorescent protein



This program was financially supported in part by National Natural Science Foundation of China (31471539), a project funded by the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions (010-809001), and Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center for Modern Crop Production (No. 10).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material 1 (TIFF 602 kb)
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Supplementary material 3 (TIFF 330 kb)
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Supplementary material 4 (DOCX 21 kb)
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Supplementary material 5 (DOCX 18 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fenni Lv
    • 1
  • Peng Li
    • 1
  • Rui Zhang
    • 1
  • Nina Li
    • 1
  • Wangzhen Guo
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Germplasm Enhancement, Hybrid Cotton R&D Engineering Research Center, MOENanjing Agricultural UniversityNanjingPeople’s Republic of China

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