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Plant Cell Reports

, Volume 33, Issue 4, pp 595–603 | Cite as

The place of asymmetric somatic hybridization in wheat breeding

  • Shuwei Liu
  • Guangmin XiaEmail author
Review

Abstract

Since its first development some 40 years ago, the application of the somatic hybridization technique has generated a body of hybrid plant material involving a wide combination of parental species. Until the late 1990s, the technique was ineffective in wheat, as regeneration from protoplasts was proving difficult to achieve. Since this time, however, a successful somatic hybridization protocol for wheat has been established and used to generate a substantial number of both symmetric and asymmetric somatic hybrids and derived materials, especially involving the parental combination bread wheat and tall wheatgrass (Thinopyrum ponticum). This review describes the current state of the art for somatic hybridization in wheat and focuses on its potential application for wheat improvement.

Keywords

Asymmetric somatic hybridization Wheat germplasm Genomic variation Alien introgression Protoplast fusion 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by funds from the Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 31271707; 31000568) and the Doctoral Foundation of Shandong Province (BS2010NY013).

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Key Laboratory of Plant Cell Engineering and Germplasm InnovationMinistry of Education, School of Life Sciences, Shandong UniversityJinanChina

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