Plant Cell Reports

, Volume 32, Issue 6, pp 839–851 | Cite as

Phosphoglycerolipids are master players in plant hormone signal transduction

  • Martin Janda
  • Severine Planchais
  • Nabila Djafi
  • Jan Martinec
  • Lenka Burketova
  • Olga Valentova
  • Alain Zachowski
  • Eric Ruelland
Review

Abstract

Phosphoglycerolipids are essential structural constituents of membranes and some also have important cell signalling roles. In this review, we focus on phosphoglycerolipids that are mediators in hormone signal transduction in plants. We first describe the structures of the main signalling phosphoglycerolipids and the metabolic pathways that generate them, namely the phospholipase and lipid kinase pathways. In silico analysis of Arabidopsis transcriptome data provides evidence that the genes encoding the enzymes of these pathways are transcriptionally regulated in responses to hormones, suggesting some link with hormone signal transduction. The involvement of phosphoglycerolipid signalling in the early responses to abscisic acid, salicylic acid and auxins is then detailed. One of the most important signalling lipids in plants is phosphatidic acid. It can activate or inactivate protein kinases and/or protein phosphatases involved in hormone signalling. It can also activate NADPH oxidase leading to the production of reactive oxygen species. We will interrogate the mechanisms that allow the activation/deactivation of the lipid pathways, in particular the roles of G proteins and calcium. Mediating lipids thus appear as master players of cell signalling, modulating, if not controlling, major transducing steps of hormone signals.

Keywords

Phospholipase Phosphoglycerolipids Lipid kinase Abscisic acid Salicylic acid Auxin Signalling Phosphatidic acid 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors acknowledge funding by Czech Science Foundation (grant no. 501/11/1654; OV, MJ, JM), by CNRS and AVCR bilateral convention (MSMT, grant no. 7AMB12FR018; JM, ER, OV, MJ) and the French Agence Nationale de la Recherche (Programme Blanc PANACEANT09_517917; ER). ND is a recipient of a Hubert Curien-Tassili PhD fellowship and MJ is a recipient of a Specific University Research PhD fellowship (MSMT No. 21/2011).

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 137 kb)
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martin Janda
    • 3
    • 4
  • Severine Planchais
    • 1
    • 2
  • Nabila Djafi
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jan Martinec
    • 3
  • Lenka Burketova
    • 3
  • Olga Valentova
    • 4
  • Alain Zachowski
    • 1
    • 2
  • Eric Ruelland
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.UPMC UnivParis06, UR5, Physiologie Cellulaire et Moléculaire des PlantesParis Cedex 05France
  2. 2.CNRS, EAC7180, Physiologie Cellulaire et Moléculaire des PlantesParis Cedex 05France
  3. 3.Institute of Experimental Botany, Academy of Sciences of Czech RepublicPragueCzech Republic
  4. 4.Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Institute of Chemical TechnologyPragueCzech Republic

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