Plant Cell Reports

, Volume 30, Issue 5, pp 681–687 | Cite as

Opportunities and constraints to biotechnological applications in the Caribbean: transgenic papayas in Jamaica and Venezuela

  • Gustavo Fermin
  • Paula Tennant
Opinion Paper


In this opinion article, we briefly review the status of crop biotechnology research—with emphasis on the development of GM crops—in Jamaica and Venezuela. We focus on the transgenic papayas developed for both countries, and examine the factors hindering not only the development and application of this biotechnological commodity for the improvement of agricultural productivity, but also on the challenges influencing societal acceptance of the technology.


Biotechnology Transgenic crops Papaya Plant viruses Jamaica Venezuela 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centro Jardín Botánico, Faculty of SciencesUniversidad de Los AndesMéridaVenezuela
  2. 2.Department of Life SciencesUniversity of the West IndiesKingston 7Jamaica

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