Plant Cell Reports

, Volume 23, Issue 6, pp 386–390 | Cite as

Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation of Perilla frutescens

  • Kyung-Hwan Kim
  • Yeon-Hee Lee
  • Donghern Kim
  • Yong-Hwan Park
  • Jai-Youl Lee
  • Young-Soo Hwang
  • Yong-Hwan KimEmail author
Genetic Transformation and Hybridization


A reproducible plant regeneration and an Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated genetic transformation protocol were developed for Perilla frutescens (perilla). The largest number of adventitious shoots were induced directly without an intervening callus phase from hypocotyl explants on MS medium supplemented with 3.0 mg/l 6-benzylaminopurine (BA). The effects of preculture and extent of cocultivation were examined by assaying β-glucuronidase (GUS) activity in explants infected with A. tumefaciens strain EHA105 harboring the plasmid pIG121-Hm. The highest number of GUS-positive explants were obtained from hypocotyl explants cocultured for 3 days with Agrobacterium without precultivation. Transgenic perilla plants were regenerated and selected on MS basal medium supplemented with 3.0 mg/l BA, 125 mg/l kanamycin, and 500 mg/l carbenicillin. The transformants were confirmed by PCR of the neomycin phosphotransferase II gene and genomic Southern hybridization analysis of the hygromycin phosphotransferase gene. The frequency of transformation from hypocotyls was about 1.4%, and the transformants showed normal growth and sexual compatibility by producing progenies.


Agrobacterium tumefaciens Perilla Genetic transformation GUS  Plant regeneration 







Hygromycin phosphotransferase


α-Naphthaleneacetic acid


Neomycin phosphotransferase II


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kyung-Hwan Kim
    • 1
  • Yeon-Hee Lee
    • 1
  • Donghern Kim
    • 1
  • Yong-Hwan Park
    • 1
  • Jai-Youl Lee
    • 2
  • Young-Soo Hwang
    • 1
  • Yong-Hwan Kim
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.National Institute of Agricultural BiotechnologyRural Development AdministrationSuwonSouth Korea
  2. 2.Department of MicrobiologyKyungpook National UniversityTaeguSouth Korea

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