Rheumatology International

, Volume 39, Issue 12, pp 2119–2127 | Cite as

Magnetic resonance imaging assessment in patients with axial spondyloarthritis: development of checklists for use in clinical practice

  • Raquel AlmodóvarEmail author
  • Ángel Bueno
  • Enrique Batlle
  • Emma Beltrán-Catalán
  • Daniel Bernabeu
  • Carmen Castro Copete
  • Angela Cepero
  • Concha Crespo
  • Fernando Díez
  • Cristina Fernández-Carballido
  • Fran García Lorente
  • Angel Gil De Miguel
  • Xavier Juanola
  • Luis Linares
  • Rafael Montero Pérez-Barquero
  • Carmen Castro
  • Manuel José Moreno Ramos
  • Mireia Moreno
  • Victoria Navarro-Compán
  • Christopher Pack
  • Carlos Quiles
  • Maite Veintemillas
  • Pedro Zarco


The objective of our study was to standardize magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) assessment of spine and sacroiliac joints in patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) and/or inflammatory spinal pain, by creating checklists and templates based on the opinions of rheumatologists and radiologists. A scientific committee developed a series of questionnaires with multiple items regarding MRI in patients with axial inflammatory pain and/or axSpA. Then an expert panel of rheumatologists and radiologists rated all items in a 9-point Likert scale. Finally, the scientific committee and the expert panel met to create the definitive documents. Several definitive checklists and templates were generated for rheumatologist-requested MRI and for radiologist-requested MRI reports of sacroiliac joint and spinal examinations. A technical requirement protocol was also agreed on. Our results could be useful in increasing understanding between rheumatologists and radiologists regarding MRI in axSpA diagnosis and follow-up.


Ankylosing spondylitis Magnetic resonance imaging Rheumatologists Radiologists Surveys and questionnaires 



The authors did not receive any financial or material support for the study or any technical assistance in writing the manuscript. The authors have no financial relationship that may involve a conflict of interest.

Author contributions

All authors, particularly RA, AB and PZ, contributed to the study conception and design as well as to material preparation, data collection, and analysis. RA, AB, and PZ wrote the first draft of the manuscript; then, all authors commented on previous versions of the manuscript, revising it critically for important intellectual content. All authors read and approved the final manuscript. All authors agree to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work have been appropriately investigated and resolved.


The authors did not receive any financial or material support for the study.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

296_2019_4441_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (677 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 676 kb)
296_2019_4441_MOESM2_ESM.pdf (656 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (PDF 655 kb)
296_2019_4441_MOESM3_ESM.pdf (676 kb)
Supplementary material 3 (PDF 675 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raquel Almodóvar
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ángel Bueno
    • 2
  • Enrique Batlle
    • 3
  • Emma Beltrán-Catalán
    • 4
  • Daniel Bernabeu
    • 5
  • Carmen Castro Copete
    • 6
  • Angela Cepero
    • 7
  • Concha Crespo
    • 6
  • Fernando Díez
    • 8
  • Cristina Fernández-Carballido
    • 9
  • Fran García Lorente
    • 10
  • Angel Gil De Miguel
    • 11
  • Xavier Juanola
    • 12
  • Luis Linares
    • 13
  • Rafael Montero Pérez-Barquero
    • 14
  • Carmen Castro
    • 15
  • Manuel José Moreno Ramos
    • 16
  • Mireia Moreno
    • 17
  • Victoria Navarro-Compán
    • 18
  • Christopher Pack
    • 19
  • Carlos Quiles
    • 20
  • Maite Veintemillas
    • 21
  • Pedro Zarco
    • 1
  1. 1.Rheumatology UnitHospital Universitario Fundación AlcorcónAlcorcónSpain
  2. 2.Radiology UnitHospital Universitario Fundación AlcorcónMadridSpain
  3. 3.Rheumatology DepartmentHospital de San JuanAlicanteSpain
  4. 4.Rheumatology DepartmentHospital del MarBarcelonaSpain
  5. 5.Radiology DepartmentHospital La PazMadridSpain
  6. 6.Radiology DepartmentHospital de San JuanAlicanteSpain
  7. 7.Radiology DepartmentHospital Virgen de la ArrixacaMurciaSpain
  8. 8.Radiology DepartmentHospital Universitario de BasurtoBilbaoSpain
  9. 9.Rheumatology DepartmentHospital de EldaAlicanteSpain
  10. 10.Rheumatology DepartmentHospital Universitario de BasurtoBilbaoSpain
  11. 11.Department of Preventive Medicine and Public HealthUniversidad Rey Juan CarlosMadridSpain
  12. 12.Rheumatology DepartmentHospital de BellvitgeBarcelonaSpain
  13. 13.Rheumatology DepartmentHospital Virgen de la ArrixacaBilbaoSpain
  14. 14.Radiology DepartmentHospital Reina SofíaCórdobaSpain
  15. 15.Rheumatology DepartmentHospital Reina SofíaCórdobaSpain
  16. 16.Rheumatology DepartmentHospital Virgen de la ArrixacaMurciaSpain
  17. 17.Rheumatology DepartmentHospital Parc TaulíBadalonaSpain
  18. 18.Rheumatology DepartmentHospital La PazMadridSpain
  19. 19.Radiology DepartmentHospital de EldaAlicanteSpain
  20. 20.Radiology DepartmentHospital General UniversitarioValenciaSpain
  21. 21.Radiology DepartmentHospital Parc TaulíBadalonaSpain

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