Rheumatology International

, Volume 39, Issue 1, pp 73–81 | Cite as

Residual symptoms and disease burden among patients with psoriatic arthritis: is a new disease activity index required?

  • Gamze KilicEmail author
  • Erkan Kilic
  • Kemal Nas
  • Ayhan Kamanlı
  • İbrahim Tekeoglu
Observational Research


The aim of this study was to investigate residual symptoms or disease burden among patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) in remission or low disease activity (LDA) according to different outcome measures. A total of 126 patients with PsA were included and the following variables were assessed: Tender joint count (TJC), swollen joint count (SJC), patient’s global assessment, physician’s global assessment, pain, extra-articular manifestations, Psoriasis Area and Severity Index, Health Assessment Questionnaire, fatigue, Short Form-36, psoriatic quality of life, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and C-reactive protein (CRP). Disease activity was measured using three different outcome measures including minimal disease activity (MDA), disease activity score for 28 joints (DAS28-CRP) and disease activity in psoriatic arthritis (DAPSA). The number (%) of patients who achieved remission or LDA was 9(14.1), 34(27.0) and 67(53.2) according to MDA, DAPSA and DAS28-CRP criteria, respectively, under usual care. SJC > 1 was seen in 3(8.8%) and 13(19.4%) of patients in remission or LDA as defined by the DAPSA and DAS28-CRP respectively. TJC > 1 was found at least 32.4% of patients with PsA in remission or LDA by any definition. 22.2–49.3% of patients with PsA in remission or LDA still suffered from clinically important fatigue. No patients in MDA had a substantial functional impairment while 2.9–19.4% of patients fulfilling remission or LDA according to the DAPSA and DAS28-CRP experienced functional disability. At least 22.2% of patients with PsA in remission or LDA by any description had higher risk for depression, and at least 11.1% for anxiety. Despite patients with PsA in remission or LDA by various definition, they may continue to experience pain, tender or swollen joints, fatigue, physiologic distress as well as functional impairment suggesting that there is a significant unmet need with regard to definition of remission or LDA in PsA.


Disease activity Disease burden Minimal disease activity Psoriatic arthritis Remission 


Author contributions

GK is a corresponder author who has made substantial contribution to conception, design, interpretation of data and publication process. She has also participated in the review, drafting, and final approval of the manuscript. EK has made substantial contributions to the design, analysis and interpretation of data. He has drafted the manuscript for important intellectual content and also participated in final approval of the manuscript. KN has made substantial contributions to acquisition of data and drafting the article. He has approved the final version of the manuscript. AK has made substantial contributions to acquisition of data, drafting the article and approved the final version of the manuscript. İT has made substantial contributions to acquisition of data, revised article critically for important intellectual content and approved the final version of the manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

We have no conflicts of interest with respect to the authorship and/or publication of this article.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

All subjects in this study have been informed for the study protocol and written informed consents have been obtained.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physical Medicine and RehabilitationAfyon Kocatepe University Faculty of MedicineAfyonkarahisarTurkey
  2. 2.Afyonkarahisar State HospitalRhematology ClinicAfyonkarahisarTurkey
  3. 3.Division of Rheumatology and Immunology, Department of Physical Medicine and RehabilitationSakarya University Faculty of MedicineSakaryaTurkey

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