Serum IL-33 level and IL-33 gene polymorphisms in Behçet’s disease
- 460 Downloads
Behçet’s disease (BD) is a chronic inflammatory disease. Increased productions of cytokines including interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-18 are documented, and IL-1α and β gene polymorphisms are associated with susceptibility to the disease. IL-33 is a recently discovered member of IL-1 cytokine family. The aim of the study was to detect serum IL-33 level and IL-33 gene polymorphisms in a cohort of BD. Unrelated 117 patients with BD and 149 healthy controls (HC) were enrolled. Serum IL-33 levels were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method. DNA samples were harvested using an appropriate commercial DNA isolation kit. Four single nucleotide polymorphisms of IL-33 gene (rs7044343, rs1157505, rs11792633 and rs1929992) were genotyped using the appropriate commercial primer/probe sets on real-time PCR. Serum IL-33 level was not significantly different in the BD and HC groups (p > 0.05). However, its level was lower in the active BD patients compared to the inactive ones and HC group (p = 0.044 and p = 0.037, respectively). There was no significant difference in terms of the genotypic and allelic distributions of rs1157505 and rs1929992 polymorphisms (p > 0.05 for all). However, the TT variants of rs7044343 and rs11792633 polymorphisms were very rare, and the T allele frequencies of these polymorphisms were lower, in the BD group compared to the HC group (p < 0.0001 for all). The rs7044343 and rs11792633 variants of IL-33 gene are associated with the decreased risk of BD in our cohort. Therefore, it may be concluded that IL-33 acts a protective role on the pathogenesis of BD.
KeywordsBehçet’s disease IL-33 Polymorphisms
Conflict of interest
The authors declare no conflict of interest.
- 15.The International Study Group for Behcet’s disease (1990) Criteria for diagnosis of Behçet’s disease. International Study Group for Behçet’s Disease. Lancet 335(8697):1078–1080Google Scholar
- 20.Pay S, Erdem H, Pekel A, Simsek I, Musabak U, Sengul A, Dinc A (2006) Synovial proinflammatory cytokines and their correlation with matrix metalloproteinase-3 expression in Behçet’s disease. Does interleukin-1beta play a major role in Behçet’s synovitis? Rheumatol Int 26(7):608–613CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar