Comparison of national clinical practice guidelines and recommendations on vaccination of adult patients with autoimmune rheumatic diseases
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- Papadopoulou, D. & Sipsas, N.V. Rheumatol Int (2014) 34: 151. doi:10.1007/s00296-013-2907-9
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The aim of the study is to identify and compare national recommendations on vaccination of adult patients with autoimmune rheumatic diseases (ARDs) in Europe, North America, and Australia. We conducted a search for recommended immunizations in adult patients with ARDs in the Medline database and the Web sites of National Rheumatologic Societies, Ministries of Health, National Advisory Committees on Immunization, and other relevant National Scientific Societies. We compared national guidelines and identified points of agreement and differences. Guidelines on vaccination of adult patients with ARDs were identified in 21 countries. Points of agreement include administering influenza and pneumococcal vaccines in addition to inactivated age-appropriate or travel-related vaccines, and avoiding the use of live vaccines in immunocompromised patients with ARDs. The most important differences concern the steroid dose that induces immunosuppression, the time interval between live vaccines and the initiation of immunosuppressive treatment, herpes zoster vaccination, and the preferred pneumococcal vaccine in patients with ARDs. We observed significant differences among national recommendations on immunizations in patients with ARDs, reflecting the lack of evidence-based data.