Rheumatology International

, Volume 32, Issue 6, pp 1485–1489 | Cite as

Paraneoplastic rheumatic syndromes: report of eight cases and review of literature

  • Jinane HakkouEmail author
  • Samira Rostom
  • Rachid Bahiri
  • Najia Hajjaj-Hassouni


Malignant neoplasms are associated with a wide variety of paraneoplastic rheumatological syndromes. The paraneoplastic nature should be based on specific criteria. We report a series of eight cases of paraneoplastic rheumatic syndromes revealing an underlying neoplasia. Our series consists of six men and two women, with a mean age of 46.1 (20–69 years). The first case is a hypertrophic osteoarthropathy of Pierre Marie that occurred in a 20-year-old man 1 month after treatment for his nasopharyngeal carcinoma; the paraclinical examinations showed lung and bone metastasis. The second case is that of a bilateral shoulder-hand syndrome revealing an invasive squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix in a 63-year-old woman. The third case involved a 69-year-old patient who had surgery 2 years ago for prostate adenocarcinoma and presented with polymyalgia rheumatica revealing bone metastasis. We also report two cases of leukemia in adults revealed by polyarthritis. The sixth observation is that of a paraneoplastic scleroderma that occurred concomitantly with prostate cancer. The seventh case of an acute arthritis showed a B lymphoma. The eighth case is that of a 52-year-old patient who presented with inflammatory arthralgias, and digital clubbing revealing a squamous cell carcinoma of the skin. Paraneoplastic rheumatism remains a rare event, but knowledge of it is essential for early diagnosis of underlying cancer.


Rheumatism Paraneoplastic syndrome Cancer 


Conflict of interest



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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jinane Hakkou
    • 1
    Email author
  • Samira Rostom
    • 1
  • Rachid Bahiri
    • 1
  • Najia Hajjaj-Hassouni
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of RheumatologyEl Ayachi University HospitalRabat-SaleMorocco

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