Rheumatology International

, Volume 32, Issue 3, pp 601–606

Correlation between serum concentrations of soluble Fas (CD95/Apo-1) and IL-18 in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus

  • Maryam Sahebari
  • Zahra Rezaieyazdi
  • Mohammadreza J. Nakhjavani
  • Mohammadreza Hatef
  • Mahmoud Mahmoudi
  • Saaid Akhlaghi
Original Article

Abstract

Recent researches suggest that imbalance in apoptotic process may lead to susceptibility to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as IL-18, has important role in autoimmune process in lupus. There are cumulative data on the pro-apoptotic role of IL-18, in the Fas-mediated apoptosis. Soluble Fas (Apo/1-CD95) is a marker of apoptosis that appears to increase in serum of SLE patients. Previous studies demonstrated increasing serum concentrations of soluble Fas (sFas) and IL-18 in SLE. To assess the correlation between serum concentrations of sFas and IL-18 in SLE patients, 114 SLE patients were selected randomly at the different stages of disease activity according to SLEDAI2K. IL-18 and sFas serum concentrations were compared in patients and fifty randomly selected healthy volunteers. The correlations of IL-18 and sFas serum concentrations with SLEDAI2K and with each other were evaluated in patients. There were a significant difference between serum concentrations of sFas and IL-18 in the case and control groups (P = 0.001). There was a significant correlation between serum concentrations of sFAS and IL-18 in SLE patients (P < 0.0001, r = 0.411). The elevations of IL-18 and sFas(Apo/1-CD95) serum concentrations in SLE patients are significantly correlated.

Keywords

Soluble Fas (CD95/Apo-1) Interleukine-18(IL-18) Systemic lupus erythematosus Apoptosis 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maryam Sahebari
    • 1
  • Zahra Rezaieyazdi
    • 1
  • Mohammadreza J. Nakhjavani
    • 2
  • Mohammadreza Hatef
    • 1
  • Mahmoud Mahmoudi
    • 3
  • Saaid Akhlaghi
    • 1
  1. 1.Rheumatic Diseases Research Center, Ghaem Hospital, Faculty of MedicineMashhad University of Medical SciencesMashhadIran
  2. 2.Tabriz University of Medical SciencesTabrizIran
  3. 3.Immunology Research Center, Faculty of MedicineMashhad University of Medical SciencesMashhadIran

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