Rheumatology International

, Volume 28, Issue 6, pp 521–525 | Cite as

The impact of clothing style on bone mineral density among women in Turkey

  • D. Alper Hayirlioglu
  • Husnu Gokaslan
  • Canan Cimsit
  • N. Ozden Serin
Original Article


To investigate the effect of veiled clothing style on bone mineral density (BMD). The BMD measurements were performed on the femoral neck and the lumbar spines of adult female population with two different types of clothing taking calcium daily in the normal range according to the proper technique utilizing dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA). In the lumbar spine measurements, the BMD was measured 1.0020 ± 0.177 gr/cm2 in cases with veiled clothing style while it was measured 1.0793 ± 0.169 gr/cm2 in cases with unveiled clothing style (P = 0.049, t = 1.98). In the femoral neck measurements, the BMD was measured 0.8428 ± 0.146 gr/cm2 in cases with veiled clothing style while it was measured 0.8532 ± 0.177 in cases with unveiled clothing style (P = 0.548, t = 0.457). Although a decrease in BMD values was observed in both regions with veiled clothing style, only the change in the lumbar spine BMD measurements was statistically significant. These findings suggest that the veiled clothing style may have an adverse effect on BMD by interfering with the sun exposure which is believed to have a key role in bone strength.


DEXA BMD Turkish women Veiled clothing style 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Alper Hayirlioglu
    • 1
    • 4
  • Husnu Gokaslan
    • 2
    • 5
  • Canan Cimsit
    • 1
    • 6
  • N. Ozden Serin
    • 3
    • 7
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyIstanbul Goztepe Education and Research HospitalIstanbulTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyMarmara University School of MedicineIstanbulTurkey
  3. 3.Department of BiochemistryIstanbul Taksim Education and Research HospitalIstanbulTurkey
  4. 4.IstanbulTurkey
  5. 5.IstanbulTurkey
  6. 6.Levent, IstanbulTurkey
  7. 7.Levent, IstanbulTurkey

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