Clinical, radiographic, and genetic diagnosis of progressive pseudorheumatoid dysplasia in a patient with severe polyarthropathy
- First Online:
A 14-year-old boy presented with a 10-year history of the "sicca" form of seronegative juvenile idiopathic polyarthritis. Severely limited range of motion, pain, and capsular swelling in both small and large weight-bearing joints left him wheelchair-bound. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein were normal. Two-phase bone scan revealed tracer uptake of almost every joint at both early and late time points, indicating pathologic exudation and enhanced bone metabolism consistent with severe arthritis. However, radiographic studies revealed no erosive arthropathy but severe osteopenia, dysplastic bone changes, mega os trigonum, and platyspondylia. A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan of the hips showed no signs of synovitis, pannus, or effusion but cartilage irregularities and subchondral cysts. These findings strongly suggested the diagnosis of progressive pseudorheumatoid dysplasia of childhood, an autosomal-recessive disorder of cartilage homeostasis. The patient carries a novel homozygous two-nucleotide deletion in exon 4 of the WISP3 gene. This genetic disorder is an important differential diagnosis of sicca polyarthritis.
KeywordsGenetic Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis Mega os trigonum Platyspondylia Progressive pseudorheumatoid dysplasia
- 5.Hurvitz JR, Suwairi WM, Van Hul W, El-Shanti H, Superti-Furga A, Roudier J, Holderbaum D, Pauli RM, Herd JK, Van Hul EV, Rezai-Delui H, Legius E, Le Merrer M, Al-Alami J, Bahabri SA, Warman ML (1999) Mutations in the CCN gene family member WISP3 cause progressive pseudorheumatoid dysplasia. Nat Genet 23:94–98CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 6.Pennica D, Swanson TA, Welsh JW, Roy MA, Lawrence DA, Lee J, Brush J, Taneyhill LA, Deuel B, Lew M, Watanabe C, Cohen RL, Melhem MF, Finley GG, Quirke P, Goddard AD, Hillan KJ, Gurney AL, Botstein D, Levine AJ (1998) WISP genes are members of the connective tissue growth factor family that are up-regulated in Wnt-1-transformed cells and aberrantly expressed in human colon tumors. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 14717–14722Google Scholar