Construction of stable episomes in Cryptococcus neoformans
We report the generation of stable plasmids constructed by inserting specific DNA sequences into previously known unstable vectors. These sequences were obtained from a DNA library recovered from a previously reported stable minichromosome created by electroporative transformation in Cryptococcus neoformans (Varma and Kwon-Chung 1994). A 6-kb insert from this minichromosome significantly enhanced both the frequencies at which URA5 transformants were obtained as well as the stability of their uracil prototrophy on non-selective media. A 1.5-kb sequence of this insert contained telomeric sequence repeats which when introduced into plasmids resulted in significant increases in transformation frequency. A 1081-bp sequence (STAB), present in the remainder of the insert, had an ARS-like function enhancing the episomal maintenance of plasmids in the transformants regardless of the gene (ADE2/URA5) used as a selection marker.
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