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How does protein degradation regulate TOM machinery-dependent mitochondrial import?

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Abstract

Mitochondrial dysregulation is a pivotal hallmark of aging-related disorders. Although there is a considerable understanding of the molecular counteracting responses toward damaged mitochondria, the molecular underpinnings connecting the abnormal aggregation of mitochondrial precursor protein fragments and abrogation of mitochondrial import machinery are far from clear. Recently, proteasomal-dependent degradation was unveiled as a pivotal fine-tuner of TOM machinery-dependent mitochondrial import. Herein, the role of proteasomal-mediated degradation in regulating fidelity of TOM-dependent import is briefly discussed and analyzed. The insights obtained from the characterization of this process may be applied to targeting mitochondrial import dysfunction in some neurodegenerative disorders.

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Correspondence to Mohamed A. Eldeeb.

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Communicated by M. Kupiec.

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Eldeeb, M.A., Ragheb, M.A. & Esmaili, M. How does protein degradation regulate TOM machinery-dependent mitochondrial import?. Curr Genet (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00294-020-01056-0

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Keywords

  • Mitochondrial quality control
  • Protein quality control
  • Protein degradation
  • Proteasome
  • TOM complex
  • Mitochondrial import
  • Ubiquitin
  • Mitophagy