Current Genetics

, Volume 58, Issue 1, pp 35–47 | Cite as

[NSI +] determinant has a pleiotropic phenotypic manifestation that is modulated by SUP35, SUP45, and VTS1 genes

  • Anton A. Nizhnikov
  • Zalina M. Magomedova
  • Alexandr A. Rubel
  • Alexandra M. Kondrashkina
  • Sergey G. Inge-Vechtomov
  • Alexey P. Galkin
Research Article

Abstract

We recently discovered the novel non-chromosomal determinant in Saccharomyces cerevisiae [NSI +] (nonsense suppression inducer), which causes omnipotent nonsense suppression in strains where the Sup35 N-terminal domain is deleted. [NSI +] possesses yeast prion features and does not correspond to previously identified yeast prion determinants. Here, we show that [NSI + ] enhances nonsense codon read-through and inhibits vegetative growth in S. cerevisiae. Using a large-scale overexpression screen to identify genes that impact the phenotypic effects of [NSI +], we found that the SUP35 and SUP45 genes encoding the translation termination factors eRF3 and eRF1, respectively, modulate nonsense suppression in [NSI +] strains. The VTS1 gene encodes an NQ-enriched RNA-binding protein that enhances nonsense suppression in [NSI +] and [nsi ] strains. We demonstrate that VTS1 overexpression, like [NSI +] induction, causes translational read-through and growth defects in S. cerevisiae.

Keywords

Yeast [NSI+Prion SUP35 SUP45 VTS1 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are grateful to E. Andreeva for technical assistance. We thank Y. Chernoff, A. Borchsenius, Y. Pavlov, and M. Ter-Avanesyan for kindly providing plasmids, A. Tomilin for helping with luminometer, and S. Chabelskaya for kindly gifting anti-Sup45 antibodies. This work was supported by Grants of Russian Foundation for Basic Research 10-04-00395-a to A. P. G, Program of Presidium of the Russian Academy of Science “Basic Sciences for Medicine” 08-12 to S. G. I.-V., Federal Grant-in-Aid Program “Human Capital for Science and Education in Innovative Russia” (Governmental Contract P1354), and St. Petersburg Governmental Grant 2.6/16-05/291-A for Ph.D. students to A. A. N. The authors acknowledge the Saint-Petersburg University for a research grant.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anton A. Nizhnikov
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zalina M. Magomedova
    • 1
    • 2
  • Alexandr A. Rubel
    • 1
    • 2
  • Alexandra M. Kondrashkina
    • 2
  • Sergey G. Inge-Vechtomov
    • 1
    • 2
  • Alexey P. Galkin
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.St. Petersburg Branch Vavilov Institute of General Genetics (Russian Academy of Science)St. PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.Department of Genetics and BreedingSt. Petersburg State UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia

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