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Current Genetics

, Volume 57, Issue 3, pp 151–168 | Cite as

The chloroplast proteome: a survey from the Chlamydomonas reinhardtii perspective with a focus on distinctive features

  • Mia Terashima
  • Michael Specht
  • Michael HipplerEmail author
Review

Abstract

The unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii has emerged to be an important model organism for the study of oxygenic eukaryotic photosynthesis as well as other processes occurring in the chloroplast. However, the chloroplast proteome in C. reinhardtii has only recently been comprehensively characterized, made possible by proteomics emerging as an accessible and powerful tool over the last decade. In this review, we introduce a compiled list of 996 experimentally chloroplast-localized proteins for C. reinhardtii, stemming largely from our previous proteomic dataset comparing chloroplasts and mitochondria samples to localize proteins. In order to get a taste of some cellular functions taking place in the C. reinhardtii chloroplast, we will focus this review particularly on metabolic differences between chloroplasts of C. reinhardtii and higher plants. Areas that will be covered are photosynthesis, chlorophyll biosynthesis, carbon metabolism, fermentative metabolism, ferredoxins and ferredoxin-interacting proteins.

Keywords

Chlamydomonas reinhardtii Chloroplast proteome Photosynthesis Fermentation Metabolism Evolution 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Christian Fufezan for his insightful input regarding the BLAST analyses. MT was supported by Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst (DAAD), Ph.D. fellowship. MH acknowledges support from the DFG, from the BMBF (BMBF 0315265 C, GOFORSYS partner) and FP7-funded Sunbiopath project (GA245070).

Supplementary material

294_2011_339_MOESM1_ESM.docx (17 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 17 kb)
294_2011_339_MOESM2_ESM.xls (330 kb)
Supplementary Table 1 (XLS 330 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mia Terashima
    • 1
  • Michael Specht
    • 1
  • Michael Hippler
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Biology, Institute of Plant Biology and BiotechnologyUniversity of MünsterMünsterGermany

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