Current Genetics

, Volume 51, Issue 4, pp 245–255 | Cite as

Modeling the septation initiation network (SIN) in fission yeast cells

  • Attila Csikász-Nagy
  • Orsolya Kapuy
  • Béla Győrffy
  • John J. Tyson
  • Béla Novák
Research Article

Abstract

Cytokinesis in fission yeast is controlled by a signal transduction pathway called the Septation Initiation Network (SIN). From a dynamical point of view the most interesting questions about the regulation of fission yeast cytokinesis are: how do wild type cells ensure that septation is initiated only once per cycle? Why does the control system stay in a continuously septating state in some mutant strains? And how is it that the SIN remains active when cytokinesis fails? To answer these questions we construct a simplified mathematical model of the SIN and graft this regulatory module onto our previous model of cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk) dynamics in fission yeast cells. The SIN is both activated and inhibited by mitotic Cdk/cyclin complexes. As a consequence of this dual regulation, the SIN gets activated only once at the end of mitosis, when Cdk activity drops. The mathematical model describes the timing of septation not only in wild type cells but also in mutants where components of the SIN are knocked out. The model predicts phenotypes of some uncharacterized mutant cells and shows how a cytokinesis checkpoint can stop the cell cycle if septation fails.

Keywords

Adaptation Simulation Cytokinesis Schizosaccharomyces pombe Cell cycle 

Abbreviations

SIN

Septation initiation network

SPF

S-phase promoting factor

MPF

M-phase promoting factor

CDK

Cyclin dependent kinase

SPB

Spindle pole body

GEF

Guanine nucleotide exchange factor

GAP

GTPase activating protein

Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Attila Csikász-Nagy
    • 1
  • Orsolya Kapuy
    • 1
  • Béla Győrffy
    • 1
  • John J. Tyson
    • 2
  • Béla Novák
    • 1
  1. 1.Materials Structure and Modeling Research Group of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and Department of Applied Biotechnology and Food ScienceBudapest University of Technology and EconomicsBudapestHungary
  2. 2.Department of Biological SciencesVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State UniversityBlacksburgUSA

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