Current Genetics

, Volume 49, Issue 1, pp 47–58 | Cite as

Complete mitochondrial genomes of the three brown algae (Heterokonta: Phaeophyceae) Dictyota dichotoma, Fucus vesiculosus and Desmarestia viridis

  • Marie-Pierre Oudot-Le Secq
  • Susan Loiseaux-de Goër
  • Wytze T. Stam
  • Jeanine L. Olsen
Research Article


We report the complete mitochondrial sequences of three brown algae (Dictyota dichotoma, Fucus vesiculosus and Desmarestia viridis) belonging to three phaeophycean lineages. They have circular mapping organization and contain almost the same set of mitochondrial genes, despite their size differences (31,617, 36,392 and 39,049 bp, respectively). These include the genes for three rRNAs (23S, 16S and 5S), 25–26 tRNAs, 35 known mitochondrial proteins and 3–4 ORFs. This gene set complements two previously studied brown algal mtDNAs, Pylaiella littoralis and Laminaria digitata. Exceptions to the very similar overall organization include the displacement of orfs, tRNA genes and four protein-coding genes found at different locations in the D. dichotoma mitochondrial genome. We present a phylogenetic analysis based on ten concatenated genes (7,479 nucleotides) and 29 taxa. Stramenopiles were always monophyletic with heterotrophic species at the base. Results support both multiple primary and multiple secondary acquisitions of plastids.


Brown algae Evolution of mitochondria Stramenopiles Mitochondrial DNA Secondary plastids 






We thank S.A. Boele-Bos and J. Veldsink, for technical assistance, as well as G. Hoarau and M. Chevolot for helpful discussions. We also would like to thank two anonymous reviewers for useful comments to improve the manuscript. M.-P. O.-L.S. was supported by a Marie Curie Individual Fellowship (programme “Quality of Life and Management of Living Resources” QLK3-CT-2000-52053).

Supplementary material

294_2005_31_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (585 kb)
Supplementary material


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marie-Pierre Oudot-Le Secq
    • 1
    • 3
  • Susan Loiseaux-de Goër
    • 2
  • Wytze T. Stam
    • 1
  • Jeanine L. Olsen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Marine Biology, Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary StudiesUniversity of GroningenAA HarenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Station BiologiqueRoscoff cedexFrance
  3. 3.Department of BotanyUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada

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