Advanced methods for container stacking
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In this paper, we study stacking policies for containers at an automated container terminal. It is motivated by the increasing pressure on terminal performance put forward by the increase in the size of container ships. We consider several variants of category stacking, where containers can be exchanged during the loading process. The categories facilitate both stacking and online optimization of stowage. We also consider workload variations for the stacking cranes.
KeywordsContainer stacking Marine terminals Simulation Container rehandling
The authors would like to thank A. Nagel, F.J.A.M. Nooijen, and R.Th. van der Ham (ECT) for assistance during the research. The authors also thank the referees for useful comments, which helped to improve the paper.
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