OR Spectrum

, Volume 28, Issue 4, pp 563–586 | Cite as

Advanced methods for container stacking

  • Rommert DekkerEmail author
  • Patrick Voogd
  • Eelco van Asperen
Regular Article


In this paper, we study stacking policies for containers at an automated container terminal. It is motivated by the increasing pressure on terminal performance put forward by the increase in the size of container ships. We consider several variants of category stacking, where containers can be exchanged during the loading process. The categories facilitate both stacking and online optimization of stowage. We also consider workload variations for the stacking cranes.


Container stacking Marine terminals Simulation Container rehandling 



The authors would like to thank A. Nagel, F.J.A.M. Nooijen, and R.Th. van der Ham (ECT) for assistance during the research. The authors also thank the referees for useful comments, which helped to improve the paper.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rommert Dekker
    • 1
    Email author
  • Patrick Voogd
    • 1
  • Eelco van Asperen
    • 1
  1. 1.Econometric InstituteErasmus University RotterdamPA RotterdamThe Netherlands

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