OR Spectrum

, Volume 26, Issue 1, pp 3–49 | Cite as

Container terminal operation and operations research - a classification and literature review

  • Dirk SteenkenEmail author
  • Stefan Voß
  • Robert Stahlbock


In the last four decades the container as an essential part of a unit-load-concept has achieved undoubted importance in international sea freight transportation. With ever increasing containerization the number of seaport container terminals and competition among them have become quite remarkable. Operations are nowadays unthinkable without effective and efficient use of information technology as well as appropriate optimization (operations research) methods. In this paper we describe and classify the main logistics processes and operations in container terminals and present a survey of methods for their optimization.


Container terminal Logistics Planning Optimization Heuristics Simulation 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin/Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.IS - Information Systems/Equipment ControlHamburger Hafen- und Lagerhaus AGHamburgGermany
  2. 2.Institute of Information Systems (Wirtschaftsinformatik)University of HamburgHamburgGermany

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