OR Spectrum

, Volume 25, Issue 4, pp 549–574 | Cite as

Flow-shop problems with intermediate buffers

Original Paper


In this paper the following extension of the classical flow-shop problem is considered: Between each two consecutive machines a buffer of limited capacity is given. After finishing processing on a machine, a job either directly has to be processed on the following machine or it has to be stored in the buffer between these machines. If the buffer is completely occupied the job may wait on its current machine but blocks this machine for other jobs. The objective is to determine a feasible schedule minimizing the makespan. To model such a problem setting, a variation of the classical disjunctive graph model for shop problems is extended. A tabu search procedure is described where neighborhoods based on an extension of the classical block approach theorem are used. Computational results for extended flow-shop benchmark instances are presented.


Flow-shop problem Buffer Tabu search 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin/Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mathematics/InformaticsUniversity of OsnabrückOsnabrückGermany
  2. 2.Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer ScienceUniversity of TwenteAE EnschedeThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations