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ROMP-based biorenewable polymers of norbornene modified with triglycerides or esters from natural buriti oil

  • Marcella S. Ferreira
  • Henrique Fernandes
  • José L. Silva Sá
  • Valdemiro P. CarvalhoJr.Email author
  • Benedito S. Lima-NetoEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

Two novel monomers, norbornenyl buriti olein (NBO) and norbornenyl buriti ester (NB-FAME), were synthesized by reactions of 5-norbornene-2-carboxylic acid with triglycerides and with methyl esters from buriti oil, respectively. No polymers were produced via ROMP of NBO or NB-FAME using Grubbs second-generation catalyst at 30 °C for 1 h. However, copolymers of NBO or NB-FAME in the presence of norbornene (NBE) were obtained raising the initial compositions of the buriti oil-derived monomers from 20 to 80%, under the same conditions. The polymers were insoluble in water and typical organic solvents. In chloroform at 30 °C for 48 h, the polymers from synthesis with 80 wt% of buriti oil-derived monomers resulted in a mass gain of 1709% for polymer from NBO and 929 wt% for polymer from NB-FAME. SEM micrographs showed smooth morphologies and non-porous surfaces, which differ from the porous polyNBE. TGA analyses indicated thermal stability up to 200 °C. The poly(NBO-co-NBE) and poly(NB-FAME-co-NBE) have been proved to be the final products.

Keywords

Vegetable oil polymers Buriti oil Norbornene ROMP 

Notes

Acknowledgements

B. S. Lima-Neto is indebted to FAPESP, Proc. 2017/06329-5, for financial support.

Supplementary material

289_2018_2664_MOESM1_ESM.docx (13.8 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 14163 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marcella S. Ferreira
    • 1
  • Henrique Fernandes
    • 1
  • José L. Silva Sá
    • 2
  • Valdemiro P. CarvalhoJr.
    • 3
    Email author
  • Benedito S. Lima-Neto
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Instituto de Química de São CarlosUniversidade de São PauloSão CarlosBrazil
  2. 2.Centro de Ciências da NaturezaUniversidade Estadual do PiauíTeresinaBrazil
  3. 3.Faculdade de Ciências e TecnologiaUniv. Estadual PaulistaPresidente PrudenteBrazil

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