Cetyltrimethylammonium bromide-treated Phragmites australis powder as novel polymeric adsorbent for hazardous Eriochrome Black T removal from aqueous solutions

  • Rim Ben Arfi
  • Sarra Karoui
  • Karine Mougin
  • Achraf GhorbalEmail author
Original Paper


The potential of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide-treated Phragmites australis powder (CTAB-PA) as a novel polymeric sorbent for Eriochrome Black T (EBT) removal was studied. CTAB impregnation process increased adsorption sites availability that led to a better interaction of EBT dye and CTAB-PA. CTAB impregnation process increased the PA monolayer adsorption capacity from 57.14 to 89.93 mg g−1. Adsorption data were modeled using chemical reaction-based kinetic models (pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order, and Elovich models) and diffusion-based kinetic models (Weber–Morris and Boyd models). EBT sorption kinetics could be described by the pseudo-second-order model having film diffusion as the main rate-limiting step. Adsorption data for both adsorbents were fitted to Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin, and Dubinin–Radushkevich models, and best fitting was obtained with Langmuir model. Thermodynamic functions indicated that EBT adsorption onto PA and CTAB-PA was an exothermic and physical process. CTAB-PA burning behavior showed that this novel adsorbent can be considered as flame-retarding material. Adsorption–desorption experiments revealed that CTAB-PA could be reused up to five cycles with recovery percentage values maintained higher than 71%. CTAB-PA, a low-cost, durable, flame-retarding, and reusable material, was found to be an attractive candidate for EBT removal from water.


Cetyltrimethylammonium bromide Phragmites australis Eriochrome Black T Adsorption mechanisms Adsorbent reusability 



Authors would like to thank the Tunisian Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research (Project: 18PJEC12-02) for the financial support of this work. Authors also thank Prof. Rim Najjar for help with English language corrections.

Supplementary material

289_2018_2648_MOESM1_ESM.docx (821 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 821 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Unit UR11ES80, National Engineering School of GabesUniversity of GabesGabesTunisia
  2. 2.National Engineering School of SfaxUniversity of SfaxSfaxTunisia
  3. 3.Institute of Materials Science of Mulhouse, CNRS - UMR 7361University of Haute-AlsaceMulhouseFrance
  4. 4.Higher Institute of Applied Sciences and Technology of GabesUniversity of GabesGabesTunisia

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