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Poly(hydroxyamide) as support for thin-film composite membranes for water treatment

  • Marcial Yam-Cervantes
  • Ileana León-Campos
  • Julio Sánchez
  • José Luis Santiago-García
  • Neyi Eloisa Estrella-Gómez
  • Manuel Aguilar-Vega
Original Paper
  • 19 Downloads

Abstract

Preparation of a porous support for a thin-film composite (TFC) membrane was achieved based on a highly aromatic poly(hydroxyamide) (PHA) formed from 5-hydroxyisophthalic acid and 4,4′-(hexafluoroisopropylidene)dianiline. PHA synthesis was confirmed by Fourier transform infrared and proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) spectroscopies. PHA was soluble in N-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone (NMP), N,N-dimethylacetamide (DMAc), and tetrahydrofuran (THF) with Mw 6.1 × 104 Da. Moreover, PHA showed good thermal stability up to 390 °C. Parameters for an appropriated PHA porous structure support membrane by the phase-inversion method were determined. Porous PHA support offers higher thermal stability and better adhesion between support amide thin skin layer than the ones used actually. Water permeation flux was 543 L m−2 h−1 for PHA porous support, whereas thin-film composite membrane PHA-TFC formed presented a decrease in water permeation flux (2.5 L m−2 h−1) and a salt rejection capacity of 29% which situates it as a nanofiltration membrane.

Keywords

Polyhydroxyamide Thin-film composite membrane Nanofiltration Interfacial reaction 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful for the financial support by CONACYT-FOMIX under the Grant number 108200. Marcial Yam‐Cervantes gratefully acknowledge financial support from CONACyT Grant 344563. The authors are thankful to Dr. Patricia Quintana and Dr. Emmanuel Hernández for 1H-NMR analysis from the National Laboratory of Nano and Biomaterials (LANNBIO). Partial funding from Grants FOMIX-Yucatán 2008-108160, CONACYT LAB-2009-01-123913 is acknowledged.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Unidad de MaterialesCentro de Investigación Científica de Yucatán, A.C.MéridaMexico
  2. 2.Departamento de Ciencias del Ambiente, Facultad de Química y BiologíaUniversidad de Santiago de ChileSantiagoChile
  3. 3.LabNegLabortatorio de Análisis Clínico y Diagnóstico MolecularMéridaMexico

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