Polymer Bulletin

, Volume 76, Issue 5, pp 2559–2578 | Cite as

Polystyrene degraded and functionalized with acrylamide for removal of Pb(II) metal ions

  • J. P. Reyna
  • María C. García-López
  • N. A. Pérez-Rodríguez
  • P. Elizondo-Martínez
  • H. Maldonado-Textle
  • B. L. Rivas
  • M. G. Sánchez-AnguianoEmail author
Original Paper


The present study describes the synthesis of a new material prepared by low-temperature thermocatalytic degradation of polystyrene (PS) by using zeolite clinoptilonite as a degradation template and subsequent functionalization with acrylamide (AAm) for the removal of lead (Pb(II)) metal ions from aqueous solutions. Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), field emission scanning electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis and differential scanning calorimeter techniques confirm the successful functionalization of PS oligomers, before applying this material as an alternative adsorbent. A preliminar absorption study using functionalized PS oligomers as an adsorbent indicates that material has a good potential to absorb heavy metal of Pb(II) from the aqueous solutions. Equilibrium data show a maximum adsorption capacity of 33.85 mg g−1 with a percentage removal of 90.94%, which fitted well with Freundlich model and kinetic data were best described by pseudo-second-order model. Desorption studies revealed that PS oligomers functionalized with acrylamide as monomer source can be recovered using 0.5 M EDTA as regenerating agent, with a maximum recovery of Pb(II) metal ions of 97.28%. These results reveal that PS oligomers functionalized with acrylamide could be recommended as a promising adsorbent for Pb(II) metal ions contained in aqueous systems.


Polystyrene Free radical polymerization Chemical functionalization Lead removal Thermocatalytic degradation 



Authors thank to PAICYT-UANL (CE327-15) for financial support J.P.R. Thanks for the scholarship from CONACYT. Funding was provided by Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León.

Supplementary material

289_2018_2479_MOESM1_ESM.docx (4.5 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 4579 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. P. Reyna
    • 1
  • María C. García-López
    • 2
  • N. A. Pérez-Rodríguez
    • 1
  • P. Elizondo-Martínez
    • 1
  • H. Maldonado-Textle
    • 3
  • B. L. Rivas
    • 4
  • M. G. Sánchez-Anguiano
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Facultad de Ciencias QuímicasUniversidad Autónoma de Nuevo LeónNuevo LeónMexico
  2. 2.Facultad de Ciencias QuímicasCONACYT-Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo LeónNuevo LeónMexico
  3. 3.Centro de Investigación en Química AplicadaSaltilloMexico
  4. 4.Departamento de Polímeros, Facultad de Ciencias QuímicasUniversidad de ConcepciónConcepciónChile

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