Polymer Bulletin

, Volume 76, Issue 4, pp 1641–1649 | Cite as

Colorimetric detection of pyrophosphate in aqueous solution by pyrogallol red-based Zn2+ complex in the presence of poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride)

  • Koshiro Inoue
  • Shunichi Aikawa
  • Yasumasa FukushimaEmail author
Original Paper


The pyrogallol red-based Zn2+ complex (PR-Zn2+) between commercially available anionic dye, pyrogallol red (PR), and Zn2+ in the presence of cationic poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (PDADMAC) was applied to the colorimetric recognition of pyrophosphate (PPi) in a pure aqueous solution under physiological pH. Upon the gradual addition of PPi to PR-Zn2+, the distinct color change from blue to pink could be recognized with the naked eye accompanied by a hypsochromic shift from 600 to 550 nm in the absorption spectra, indicating that PR was released from PR-Zn2+ through the interaction of PPi with Zn2+. No significant absorption spectral and color changes were observed in the presence of other anions including ATP and ADP with the structure similar to PPi. Moreover, other coexisting anions cause little or no interference to the detection of PPi. The results showed that PR-Zn2+ in the presence of PDADMAC could be a good naked-eye and colorimetric chemosensor for selective detection of PPi in aqueous solution. This study demonstrates that the combination of an organic dye, an oppositely charged polyelectrolyte, and a metal ion is a potential candidate for the easy construction of a new chemosensor system.


Colorimetric detection Zinc ion Pyrogallol red Pyrophosphate Polyelectrolyte 

Supplementary material

289_2018_2461_MOESM1_ESM.docx (250 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 249 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Science and EngineeringToyo UniversitySaitamaJapan
  2. 2.Research Institute of Industrial TechnologyToyo UniversitySaitamaJapan

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