Polymer Bulletin

, Volume 76, Issue 2, pp 953–965 | Cite as

Application of 4-VP-g-PET fibers and its N-oxide derivative as an adsorbent for removal of cationic dye

  • Arslan Metin Email author
  • Günay Kübra 
Original Paper


Poly(ethylene terephthalate) fibers (PET) were grafted with 4-vinyl pyridine (4-VP) by a chemical grafting technique, and an N-oxide derivative was synthesized (N-oxide-4-VP-g-PET). The removal of methylene blue (MB) from the aqueous solutions by this material was investigated. The removal and desorption capacities for MB dye were studied under various conditions. 4-VP-g-PET fibers exhibited a very low removal rate when compared to the basic dye; however, N-oxide-4-VP-g-PET fibers showed more increased removal results. 2.5% of the MB dyes removal was observed with 4-VP-g-PET fibers, while 100% of MB dyes removal was found with N-oxide-4-VP-g-PET fibers using 10 ppm of MB solution. Removal capacity of N-oxide-4-VP-g-PET fibers increased with increasing pH values. The maximum removal capacity of MB dye on the N-oxide-4-VP-g-PET fibers was found to be 35.1 mg g−1 at 250 ppm. Results showed that removal capacity of 4-VP-g-PET fibers was significantly improved by N-oxide functionalization. Almost all adsorbed dyes were eluted by acetic acid in methyl alcohol. Ten removal–desorption cycles indicated that the reactive fibers were favorable for use again without the notable change in removal capacity. The information gained from these studies showed that the N-oxide-4-VP-g-PET fibers demonstrated potential as an effective adsorbent for the extremely effective removal of cationic dyes from aqueous media.


N-oxide-4-vinyl pyridine Poly(ethylene terephthalate) fibers Grafting vinyl monomers Methylene blue Removal 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemistry and Chemical Processing Technologies, Kırıkkale Vocational High SchoolKırıkkale UniversityYahsihanTurkey
  2. 2.Graduate School of Natural and Applied SciencesKırıkkale UniversityYahsihanTurkey

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