Nucleation effect of α/β compound nucleating agents based on 1,3,5-benzenetricarboxylic acid tris(cyclohexylamide) in isotactic polypropylene

  • Juan He
  • Yue-Fei ZhangEmail author
  • Xiao-Qiong Ren
  • Yan Li
Original Paper


Three α/β compound nucleating agents based on 1,3,5-benzenetricarboxylic acid tris(cyclohexylamide) (BTA-99) were prepared by using β-nucleating agents aromatic diamides (TMB-5), dicarboxylic acid salts (CaPi) and rare earth compound (WBG-II), and nucleation effects of the nucleating agents in isotactic polypropylene (iPP) were investigated. The optimal ratio of BTA-99 to TMB-5, CaPi and WBG-II was 1:1, 4:1 and 2:3, respectively, and the crystallization peak temperatures of iPP nucleated with BTA-99/TMB-5, BTA-99/CaPi and BTA-99/WBG-II were increased from 117.7 °C of pure iPP to 129.7 °C, 127.6 °C and 128.9 °C under the optimal ratio, respectively. Moreover, all compound nucleating agents with the optimal compound ratio improved both the stiffness and the toughness of iPP, and TMB-5 was more suitable as a component for preparing compound nucleating agents with BTA-99 than WBG-II and CaPi. Meanwhile, an interesting phenomenon was found that the smaller the difference of the nucleation efficiency between two nucleating agents, the better the nucleation effect of the compound agent was.


Compound nucleating agents 1,3,5-Benzenetricarboxylic acid tris(cyclohexylamide) Isotactic polypropylene Nucleation efficiency Properties 



The authors are grateful to National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 21376031) for financial support.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Chemistry and Biological EngineeringChangsha University of Science and TechnologyChangshaPeople’s Republic of China

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