Synthesis of kappa-carrageenan-g-poly(acrylamide)/sepiolite nanocomposite hydrogels and adsorption of cationic dye
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In this study, nanocomposite hydrogels from grafting of acrylamide onto kappa-carrageenan biopolymer were prepared in the presence of sepiolite clay. Methylenebisacrylamide and ammonium persulfate were used as cross-linker and initiator, respectively. The sepiolite nanoclay was introduced into hydrogel matrix without any chemical treatment. The structure of nanocomposites was investigated by FTIR, SEM, TEM, and TGA techniques. The TEM image showed that sepiolite exists as individual needle’s shape. The swelling of hydrogels were studied in distilled water, salt solutions, and various pHs. The obtained nanocomposites were evaluated to remove of cationic crystal violet (CV) dye from water. The kinetic and isotherm of adsorption of dye onto nanocomposites were studied and analyzed according to kinetic and isotherm models. The results showed that the pseudo-second-order adsorption kinetic was predominated for the adsorption of CV onto nanocomposites. The experimental equilibrated adsorption capacity of nanocomposites was analyzed using Freundlich and Langmuir isotherm models. The results corroborated that the experimental data fit the Langmuir isotherm the best. By varying the pH of initial dye solution, while the clay-free hydrogel showed relatively pH-independent adsorption behavior, the nanocomposites depicted pH-dependent adsorption.
Keywordskappa-Carrageenan Sepiolite Nanocomposite Hydrogel Adsorption
The authors would like to specially thank the referees for their good suggestions for improving the manuscript.
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