Journal of Mathematical Biology

, Volume 35, Issue 7, pp 749–774

Analysis of a model for wolf territories

  • M. A. Lewis
  • K. A. J. White
  • J. D. Murray

Abstract.

 A mechanism for territorial pattern formation in wolves is analysed using a spatially explicit mathematical model which incorporates wolf movement and scent marking. Model results reflect field observations: buffer zones where wolves are scarce arise between adjacent packs and near these buffer zones there are increased levels of scent marking. It is shown how the precise behavioral response of wolves to foreign scent-marks determines the qualitative form of the spatial territories. Realistic territories in two spatial dimensions require ‘switching’ of the movement and scent marking behavior in response to foreign scent marks.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. A. Lewis
    • 1
  • K. A. J. White
    • 2
  • J. D. Murray
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Mathematics, University of Utah, JWB 233, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 USA. e-mail: mlewis@math.utah.eduUS
  2. 2.Department of Zoology, Downing Street, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UKGB
  3. 3.Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USAUS

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