Journal of Mathematical Biology

, Volume 72, Issue 1–2, pp 331–342 | Cite as

On some mortality rate processes and mortality deceleration with age

Article

Abstract

A specific mortality rate process governed by the non-homogeneous Poisson process of point events is considered and its properties are studied. This process can describe the damage accumulation in organisms experiencing external shocks and define its survival characteristics. It is shown that, although the sample paths of the unconditional mortality rate process are monotonically increasing, the population mortality rate can decrease with age and, under certain assumptions, even tend to zero. The corresponding analysis is the main objective of this paper and it is performed using the derived conditional distributions of relevant random parameters. Several meaningful examples are presented and discussed.

Keywords

Gompertz law of mortality Fixed heterogeneity  Evolving heterogeneity Nonhomogeneous Poisson process Mortality rate Mortality process 

Mathematics Subject Classification

62P10 (Applications to biology and medical sciences) 62N05 (Reliability and life testing) 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of StatisticsEwha Womans UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of Mathematical StatisticsUniversity of the Free StateBloemfonteinSouth Africa
  3. 3.University ITMOSt. PetersburgRussia

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