Transcriptional Analysis of Hydrogenase Genes in the Cyanobacteria Anacystis nidulans and Anabaena variabilis Monitored by RT-PCR
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Diverse cyanobacteria express an uptake hydrogenase, encoded by the genes hupSL, and a bidirectional, NAD(P)+-reducing hydrogenase with the genes hox(E)FUYH. In the unicellular Anacystis nidulans, the hox genes are organized on two separate loci, whereas they are contiguous in one cluster, though interspersed with two unidentified reading frames, ORF 3 and 8, in the heterocystous Anabaena variabilis. The hox gene clusters of these two cyanobacteria have now been transcriptionally analyzed by RT-PCR. A polycistronic transcript was identified in both cyanobacteria. In A. nidulans, one message for each locus has been detected, the dicistronic hoxEF unit, and the polycistronic hoxUYHWhypAB one. In A. variabilis, the transcript consists of the hox genes hoxFUYH as well as the unidentified ORFs. Previous enzyme determinations on the occurrence of the uptake hydrogenase in vegetative cells and thus outside of heterocysts gave ambiguous results. Therefore, transcription of both hup and hox genes has been analyzed in both heterocysts and vegetative cells of A. variabilis. A hupL transcript is detectable in heterocysts and also, though less extensive but clearly discernible, in vegetative cells of NH4+-grown A. variabilis.
KeywordsVegetative Cell Anabaena Transcriptional Analysis Separate Locus Enzyme Determination
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