Isolation and Characterization of Dehalogenases from 2,2-Dichloropropionate-Degrading Soil Bacteria
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Five bacterial strains were isolated from polluted soils capable of degrading 2,2-dichloropropionate. In crude extracts, dehalogenase activity against haloacetates and longer-chained 2-haloalkanoic acids could be detected. Results from activity staining indicated that all bacterial strains expressed a single dehalogenase. In further biochemical characterization, two types of D,L-specific 2-haloalkanoic acid dehalogenases were described, which are different from each other not only in molecular weight and electrophoretic mobility, but also in sensitivity towards thiol reagents. Dehalogenases of these strains have been shown to be inducible and are catalyzing halide hydrolysis with inversion of product configuration.
KeywordsMolecular Weight Hydrolysis Thiol Bacterial Strain Crude Extract
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