Octopine- and Nopaline-Inducible Proteins in Agrobacterium tumefaciens Are Also Induced by Arginine
Octopine induced the synthesis of 83, 76, 62, 58, 44, 42, 31, and 22 kDa proteins in Agrobacterium tumefaciens strains harboring the tumor-inducing (Ti) plasmids pTiA6 and pTiAch5. Nopaline induced the synthesis of 83, 76, 62, 58, 56, 44, 42, 31, and 22 kDa proteins in A. tumefaciens strains harboring the Ti plasmids pTiC58 and pTiT37. The molecular masses of proteins induced by octopine and nopaline were very similar. In accordance with the ‘opine concept’, octopine and nopaline were found to induce protein synthesis only in strains harboring the respective Ti plasmids. Arginine, a common catabolic product of octopine and nopaline, induced the synthesis of most of the proteins induced by the two opines. Our results show that only the initial step(s) of octopine and nopaline catabolism are induced by specific opines in the respective strains. The subsequent steps are likely to be regulated by arginine in both strains.
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