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Moderate Grazing Promotes Grassland Nitrous Oxide Emission by Increasing Ammonia-Oxidizing Archaea Abundance on the Tibetan Plateau

  • Yangong DuEmail author
  • Kai Shu
  • Xiaowei Guo
  • Zhu Pengjin
Article

Abstract

Grasslands are suffering from long-term overgrazing because of the population inflation. Furthermore, nitrous oxide (N2O) is a major greenhouse gas that also depletes stratospheric ozone. However, the emission rate of grassland N2O and underlying mechanisms remained unclear under different grazing intensities. We conducted a field manipulation under four grazing intensities to compare its N2O fluxes and main affected factors. It was indicated that alpine meadow N2O emission rates increased from 39.7 ± 3.1 to 47.8 ± 2.3 μg m−2 h−1 (p < 0.05), then decreased to 43.4 ± 4.1 and 32.9 ± 1.4 μg m−2 h−1 with grazing intensity increasing from 4 to 8, 12 and 16 sheep ha-1, respectively. Multiple-stepwise regression analysis indicated that the predominant affected soil factors were separately TN and BD, pH and BD, also pH and BD, SOC and BD. Simple linear regression models revealed that ammonia-oxidizing archaea (AOA) contributed much to N2O emission (R2 = 0.77). Additionally, the R2 coefficient of linear regression was 0.87 between nosZ genes and N2O emission rates in alpine meadow. Much attention should be paid to protecting alpine meadow from degradation to mitigate N2O emission source on the Tibetan Plateau.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by Western light of Chinese Academy of Science for talents, the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41730752 and 31470530 and 31770532 and 31700395), and Natural Science Foundation of Qinghai (2018-ZJ-914), and Qinghai innovation platform construction project (2017-ZJ-Y20).

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yangong Du
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kai Shu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xiaowei Guo
    • 1
  • Zhu Pengjin
    • 3
  1. 1.Qinghai Provincial Key Laboratory of Restoration Ecology for Cold Region, Northwest Institute of Plateau BiologyChinese Academy of SciencesXiningChina
  2. 2.University of Chinese Academy of ScienceBeijingChina
  3. 3.Guangxi Institute of Subtropical CropsNanningChina

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