Current Microbiology

, Volume 76, Issue 2, pp 237–247 | Cite as

Assessing the Influence of Dietary History on Gut Microbiota

  • Bo Yang
  • Chang Ye
  • Bingyu Yan
  • Xionglei He
  • Ke XingEmail author


Diet is known to play a major role in determining the composition and function of the gut microbiota. Previous studies have often focused on the immediate effects of dietary intervention. How dietary history prior to a given dietary intervention influences the gut microbiota is, however, not well understood. To assess the influence of dietary history, in this study, mice with different dietary histories were subjected to the same dietary interventions, and the gut microbial communities of these mice were characterized by 16S rDNA sequencing. We found that dietary history played a long-lasting role in the composition of the gut microbiota when the dietary switch was moderate. In sharp contrast, such effects nearly vanished when the diet was switched to certain extreme dietary conditions. Interestingly, the abundance of Akkermansia, a bacterial genus associated with loss of body weight, was elevated dramatically in mice subjected to a diet composed exclusively of meat. Our results revealed a more complex picture of the influence of dietary history on gut microbiota than anticipated.



We are grateful to members of the He lab for their discussion and comments on this manuscript. This work is supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province, China (Project No. 2017A030313121).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

284_2018_1616_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (850 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 850 KB)


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Biocontrol, School of Life SciencesSun Yat-sen UniversityGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.Affiliated Cancer Hospital & Institute of Guangzhou Medical UniversityGuangzhouChina
  3. 3.School of Life SciencesGuangzhou UniversityGuangzhouChina

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