Current Microbiology

, Volume 75, Issue 3, pp 323–327 | Cite as

Analysis of the Microbial Diversity in the Fecal Material of Giraffes

  • Jessica M. Schmidt
  • Susan Henken
  • Scot E. Dowd
  • Richard William McLaughlinEmail author


Using bacterial and fungal tag-encoded FLX-Titanium amplicon pyrosequencing, the microbiota of the fecal material of seven giraffes living in captivity at the Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens, Jacksonville, FL was investigated. In all samples, the most predominant bacterial phylum was the Firmicutes followed by Bacteroidetes. The most predominant fungi were members of the phylum Ascomycota followed by Neocallimastigomycota in five of seven samples. The reverse was true in the other two samples.


Fecal material Giraffe Microbiota 



This research was done as part of a Provost Honors project under the leadership of Zina Haywood, Executive Vice President/Provost. We also thank Kathy Nordhaus and Donald Zakutansky for their enthusiastic support of this research.


IACUC approval was granted by the Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens for the collection of fecal samples. This project was supported by funding provided by Gateway Technical College and by the Gateway Foundation.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that that there is no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jessica M. Schmidt
    • 1
  • Susan Henken
    • 2
  • Scot E. Dowd
    • 3
  • Richard William McLaughlin
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.General StudiesGateway Technical CollegeKenoshaUSA
  2. 2.Jacksonville Zoo and GardensJacksonvilleUSA
  3. 3.MR DNA (Molecular Research LP)ShallowaterUSA

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