Comparative Study of GeneXpert MTB/RIF Assay and Multiplex PCR Assay for Direct Detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Suspected Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients
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Pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) is one of the major infectious diseases in developing countries. The objective of this study was to compare rapid diagnostics technique, GeneXpert MTB/RIF (GeneXpert) and Multiplex PCR assay (MPCR) targeting IS6110 segment and mpb64 gene for direct detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) in suspected PTB patients. A cross sectional study was carried among 105 sputum samples from suspected PTB patients to evaluate GeneXpert and Multiplex PCR who visited National Tuberculosis Center, Nepal. The patient’s sputum samples were used directly for the GeneXpert whereas DNA extraction by CTAB method was followed to process the sample for MPCR. The sensitivity and specificity of GeneXpert and MPCR in smear positive cases was 78.6, 33.3, and 100.0%, 66.7%, respectively (P = 0.125). However, in smear negative cases sensitivity and specificity of both methods exhibited 90.9, 95.2, and 100.0%, 100.0% respectively (P = 0.625). Finally, the sensitivity and specificity of GeneXpert and MPCR were 82.9, 95.3 and 100.0%, 98.5% respectively, (P = 0.549) in pulmonary cases. Comparatively, we observed higher sensitivity and specificity for MPCR than GeneXpert for both smear positive and negative samples. Thus, we recommend MPCR alongside GeneXpert for the better diagnostic accuracy of PTB in a resource-limited country where tuberculosis is endemic.
Multiplex polymerase chain reaction
We would like to thank all the staffs from Annapurna Research Center and National TB center for their direct indirect help in executing this research.
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare no conflict of interest.
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